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Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia

  • Stefano DellaVigna
  • Ruben Enikolopov
  • Vera Mironova
  • Maria Petrova
  • Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe's deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred towards Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by non-political content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher, and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common, in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16989.

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Date of creation: May 2011
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Publication status: published as Stefano Della Vigna & Ruben Enikolopov & Vera Mironova & Maria Petrova & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2014. "Cross-Border Media and Nationalism: Evidence from Serbian Radio in Croatia," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 6(3), pages 103-32, July.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16989
Note: LS PE POL
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