IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper

Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia

  • Stefano DellaVigna
  • Ruben Enikolopov
  • Vera Mironova
  • Maria Petrova
  • Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe's deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred towards Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by non-political content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher, and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common, in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w16989.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16989.

as
in new window

Length:
Date of creation: May 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as Stefano Della Vigna & Ruben Enikolopov & Vera Mironova & Maria Petrova & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2014. "Cross-Border Media and Nationalism: Evidence from Serbian Radio in Croatia," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 6(3), pages 103-32, July.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16989
Note: LS PE POL
Contact details of provider: Postal:
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.

Phone: 617-868-3900
Web page: http://www.nber.org
Email:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Stefano DellaVigna & Matthew Gentzkow, 2009. "Persuasion: Empirical Evidence," NBER Working Papers 15298, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. SIMION-MELINTE & Alexandru Ionut PETRISOR & Vasile MEITA & Victor RADU, 2011. "From Army To Entrepreneurship," International Conference Modern Approaches in Organisational Management and Economy, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 5(1), pages 537-541, November.
  3. Anonymous, 2011. "End Materials," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(1), April.
  4. repec:nbr:nberch:12165 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Anonymous, 2011. "End Materials," Western Economics Forum, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 10(02).
  6. PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2011. "Transfer pricing and developing countries," Taxation Studies 0038, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  7. Oecd, 2011. "Improving Performance: Leading from the Bottom," PISA in Focus 2, OECD Publishing.
  8. Oeindrila Dube & Suresh Naidu, 2010. "Bases, Bullets, and Ballots: The Effect of U.S. Military Aid on Political Conflict in Colombia," Working Papers 197, Center for Global Development.
  9. Gabriel Sánchez & Inés Butler & Ricardo Rozemberg, 2011. "Productive Development Policies in Argentina," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 35698, Inter-American Development Bank.
  10. David Strömberg, 2004. "Radio's Impact on Public Spending," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 119(1), pages 189-221.
  11. Nico Voigtländer & Hans-Joachim Voth, 2011. "Persecution Perpetuated: The Medieval Origins of Anti-Semitic Violence in Nazi Germany," Working Papers 551, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  12. AfDB AfDB, . "Annual Report in Brief 2010," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 304.
  13. AfDB AfDB, . "African Statistical Journal Vol. 11," African Statistical Journal, African Development Bank, number 103.
  14. Enikolopov, Ruben & Petrova, Maria & Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, 2009. "Media and Political Persuasion: Evidence from Russia," CEPR Discussion Papers 7257, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Anonymous, 2011. "NAREA Awards," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(3), December.
  16. Olle Folke, 2010. "Shades of brown and green: Party effects in proportional election systems," Working Papers 2010/25, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  17. Ucw, 2011. "Understanding children’s work in Bangladesh," UCW Country Studies 17, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  18. Anonymous, 2011. "End Material," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 39(1).
  19. Daron Acemoglu & Alexander Wolitzky, 2012. "Cycles of Distrust: An Economic Model," NBER Working Papers 18257, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  20. AfDB AfDB, . "2010 - Algeria - Country Profils," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 119, 7.
  21. Anonymous, 2011. "End Materials," Western Economics Forum, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 10(01).
  22. Editorial, 2011. "Europa steht am Scheideweg," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 37(4), pages 501-512.
  23. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2010," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 310.
  24. repec:nbr:nberch:12169 is not listed on IDEAS
  25. Dominic Rohner & Mathias Thoenig & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2012. "Seeds of Distrust: Conflict in Uganda," OxCarre Working Papers 078, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  26. Christopher Blattman & Edward Miguel, 2009. "Civil War," NBER Working Papers 14801, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  27. Editors, 2011. "Software updates," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 11(3), pages 478, September.
  28. Benjamin A. Olken, 2006. "Do Television and Radio Destroy Social Capital? Evidence from Indonesian Villages," Working Papers id:642, eSocialSciences.
  29. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 230.
  30. OECD & Nuclear Energy Agency, 2011. "Documents et textes juridiques," Bulletin de droit nucléaire, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(2), pages 139-212.
  31. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Materials," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(01), February.
  32. Hess, Gregory D & Orphanides, Athanasios, 1995. "War Politics: An Economic, Rational-Voter Framework," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(4), pages 828-46, September.
  33. Anonymous, 2011. "Table of Contents," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 6(2), September.
  34. anonymous, 2011. "Interview with Ricardo Caballero," The Region, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue June, pages 30-41.
  35. Anonymous, 2011. "2010 AARES Distinguished Fellow James C. McColl," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 55(1), March.
  36. Anonymous & Bosch, Darrell J., 2011. "Journal Backmatter," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(04), November.
  37. Joan Esteban & Debraj Ray, 2008. "On the Salience of Ethnic Conflict," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(5), pages 2185-2202, December.
  38. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2010 (Arabic)," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 311.
  39. Francesco Caselli & Massimo Morelli & Dominic Rohner, 2013. "The Geography of Inter-State Resource Wars," NBER Working Papers 18978, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  40. ., 2011. "The General Framework," Chapters, in: The Dynamics of Knowledge Externalities, chapter 2 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  41. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 230.
  42. Jackson, Matthew O. & Morelli, Massimo, . "Political bias and war," Working Papers 1247, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  43. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Materials," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(1), April.
  44. 觉 梁, 2011. "Editors' Forum: Research and Publishing Ethics," Management and Organization Review, The International Association for Chinese Management Research, vol. 7(3), pages 85-94, November.
  45. Anonymous, 2011. "End Material," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 39(2).
  46. Conley, T. G., 1999. "GMM estimation with cross sectional dependence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 1-45, September.
  47. repec:nbr:nberch:12168 is not listed on IDEAS
  48. ., 2011. "Companies in France in 2010: a mixed picture," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 24, pages 29-68, Winter.
  49. OECD & Nuclear Energy Agency, 2011. "Documents and legal texts," Nuclear Law Bulletin, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(2), pages 131-200.
  50. Sieds, 2011. "Complete Volume LXV n.1 2011," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 0(1), pages 1-181.
  51. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Material," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 39(1).
  52. anonymous, 2011. "Focus on Authors," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(3), pages 562-564, 05-06.
  53. Oecd, 2011. "Does Investing in After-School Classes Pay Off?," PISA in Focus 3, OECD Publishing.
  54. ., 2011. "Structural analysis in times of crisis," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 21, pages 89-100, Spring.
  55. Anonymous & Bosch, Darrell J., 2011. "Journal Frontmatter," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(04), November.
  56. ., 2011. "A metrics for digital development," Chapters, in: The Economic Impact of Digital Technologies, chapter 3 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  57. anonymous, 2011. "Interview with Esther Ruflo," The Region, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Dec, pages 12-22.
  58. 渡辺, 努, 2011. "ゼロ金利下の長期デフレ," Research Center for Price Dynamics Working Paper Series 1, Research Center for Price Dynamics, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  59. Oecd, 2011. "International Mobile Data Roaming," OECD Digital Economy Papers 180, OECD Publishing.
  60. Editors, 2011. "Software updates," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 11(1), pages 155, March.
  61. Anonymous, 2011. "Cover and Contents Pages," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(2), August.
  62. Joseph G. Altonji & Todd E. Elder & Christopher R. Taber, 2000. "Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools," NBER Working Papers 7831, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  63. Stefano DellaVigna & Ethan Kaplan, 2007. "The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1187-1234.
  64. ., 2011. "Digital inequalities in Europe," Chapters, in: The Economic Impact of Digital Technologies, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  65. OECD & Nuclear Energy Agency, 2011. "Intergovernmental organisation activities," Nuclear Law Bulletin, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(2), pages 99-106.
  66. AfDB AfDB, 2011. "ICP Africa Quarterly Newsletter - May 2011," ICP Africa Quarterly Newsletter 313, African Development Bank.
  67. Anonymous, 2011. "Selected Papers SAEA 2011 Annual Meetings," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(03), August.
  68. Jha, Saumitra, 2008. "Trade, Institutions and Religious Tolerance: Evidence from India," Research Papers 2004, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
  69. Shulian Deng & Jun Peng, 2011. "Reforming the Budgeting Process in China," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 11(1), pages 75-89.
  70. 淑英 徐 & Joseph Galaskiewicz, 2011. "Editors' Forum: Research and Publishing Ethics," Management and Organization Review, The International Association for Chinese Management Research, vol. 7(3), pages 1-8, November.
  71. AfDB AfDB, 2011. "MDG Report 2011 - Full Report," MDG Report 334, African Development Bank.
  72. Ian Hawkesworth & Lisa von Trapp & David Fjord Nielsen, 2011. "Performance Budgeting in Poland: An OECD Review," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 11(1), pages 7-57.
  73. Anonymous & Bosch, Darrell J., 2011. "Table of contents," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(04), November.
  74. AfDB AfDB, . "The AfDB Group in North Africa 2011," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 303, 7.
  75. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 230.
  76. repec:nbr:nberch:12164 is not listed on IDEAS
  77. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 231.
  78. AfDB AfDB, . "The AfDB Statistics Pocketbook 2011," AfDB Statistics Pocketbook, African Development Bank, number 301.
  79. Oecd, 2011. "Has Discipline in School Deteriorated?," PISA in Focus 4, OECD Publishing.
  80. Alan Barrett & John Connolly & John Spencer, 2011. "Denis Conniffe – An Obituary," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 42(4), pages 371–381.
  81. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Materials," Western Economics Forum, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 10(01).
  82. Anonymous, 2011. "Front and Back Materials," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(1), April.
  83. Anonymous, 2011. "2010 AARES Distinguished Fellow Mike D. Young," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 55(1), March.
  84. Sylvain Chassang & Gerard Padro i Miquel, 2008. "Conflict and Deterrence under Strategic Risk," NBER Working Papers 13964, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  85. 晓萍 陈, 2011. "Editors' Forum: Research and Publishing Ethics," Management and Organization Review, The International Association for Chinese Management Research, vol. 7(3), pages 35-44, November.
  86. Anonymous, 2011. "JAAE Front page," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(03), August.
  87. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Materials," Western Economics Forum, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 10(02).
  88. anonymous, 2011. "Focus on Authors," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(1), pages 187-190, 01-02.
  89. Oecd, 2011. "Country notes," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 11(2), pages 69-213.
  90. repec:aei:rpaper:32621 is not listed on IDEAS
  91. anonymous, 2011. "Credit bureaus in Asia," Asia Focus, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Oct.
  92. Anton Sovet & Совет Антон Иванович, 2011. "Criticism Of “Capital”," Microeconomics sovet_anton.3807-krik_0_e, Socionet.
  93. Thai-Ha LE & Youngho CHANG, 2011. "Oil and Gold Prices: Correlation or Causation?," Economic Growth Centre Working Paper Series 1102, Nanyang Technological University, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Economic Growth Centre.
  94. Matthew Gentzkow, 2006. "Television and Voter Turnout," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 121(3), pages 931-972.
  95. Anonymous, 2011. "2011 Annual Agricultural Outlook," Staff Papers 100914, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  96. Maarten J. Voors & Eleonora E. M. Nillesen & Philip Verwimp & Erwin H. Bulte & Robert Lensink & Daan P. Van Soest, 2012. "Violent Conflict and Behavior: A Field Experiment in Burundi," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(2), pages 941-64, April.
  97. AfDB AfDB, . "Integrity and Anti-Corruption Progress Report," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 338.
  98. anonymous, 2011. "Focus on Authors," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(2), pages 385-388, 03-04.
  99. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Materials," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(2), August.
  100. Le, Thai-Ha & Chang, Youngho, 2011. "Oil and gold: correlation or causation?," MPRA Paper 31795, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  101. Ehab F. Abd-Elfattah & Ronald W. Butler, 2011. "Tests for symmetry with right censoring," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(4), pages 683-693, December.
  102. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2010 (Portuguese)," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 308.
  103. -, 2011. "Higher vocational education," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 1, pages 172-191.
  104. Oecd, 2011. "Index of Recent Features," OECD Journal: Financial Market Trends, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(2), pages 283-285.
  105. Anonymous, 2011. "ARER Reviewers, September 2010 - August 2011," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(3), December.
  106. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Reviews," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 39(2).
  107. Secretariat, 2011. "Activities of JSCES in 2009–2010," The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies (JCES), The Japanese Society for Comparative Economic Studies (JSCES), vol. 6, pages 91-95, March.
  108. Matthew Gentzkow & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2010. "Ideological Segregation Online and Offline," NBER Working Papers 15916, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  109. OECD & Nuclear Energy Agency, 2011. "Multilateral agreements," Nuclear Law Bulletin, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(2), pages 107-129.
  110. anonymous, 2011. "Interview with Daron Acemoglu," The Region, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sep, pages 19-31.
  111. Anonymous, 2011. "End Materials," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(02), May.
  112. Oecd, 2011. "National Broadband Plans," OECD Digital Economy Papers 181, OECD Publishing.
  113. anonymous, 2011. "Low interest rates have benefits …and costs," Inside the Vault, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Spring.
  114. Editores, 2011. "Contenido y presentación del libro," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books, in: Javier M.Iguíñiz Echevarría & Janina León (ed.), Desigualdad Distributiva en el Perú: Dimensiones, edition 1, chapter 0, pages 1-24 Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  115. OECD & Nuclear Energy Agency, 2011. "Case law," Nuclear Law Bulletin, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(1), pages 87-91.
  116. Anonymous, 2011. "ARER Guidelines for Manuscript Submission," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(3), December.
  117. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 229.
  118. AfDB AfDB, . "African Statistical Journal Vol. 13," African Statistical Journal, African Development Bank, number 365.
  119. Shalabh, 2011. "Nonparametric Statistical Inference," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 174(2), pages 508-509, 04.
  120. Anonymous & Mortimer, M. & Hill, J.E. & Johnson, D.E., 2011. "Gulma Padi di Asia," IRRI Books, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), number 164448.
  121. Anonymous, 2011. "Table of Contents," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(03), August.
  122. Bellows, John & Miguel, Edward, 2009. "War and local collective action in Sierra Leone," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(11-12), pages 1144-1157, December.
  123. Anonymous, 2011. "cover and contents pages," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(3), December.
  124. appendice, 2011. "Il caso FIAT," Economia & lavoro, Carocci editore, issue 2, pages 157.
  125. anonymous, 2011. "The future of financial market regulation," Forefront, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Winter, pages 1-2.
  126. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 230.
  127. Sieds, 2011. "Complete Volume LXV n.2 2011," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 0(2), pages 1-256.
  128. Nuno, Carlos Leitão & Muhammad, Shahbaz, 2011. "Migration and Tourist Flows," MPRA Paper 34905, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 12 Nov 2011.
  129. Irena Grosfeld & Alexander Rodnyansky & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2013. "Persistent Antimarket Culture: A Legacy of the Pale of Settlement after the Holocaust," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 189-226, August.
  130. anonymous, 2011. "The inflation issue," Forefront, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Spring, pages 1-32.
  131. OECD & Nuclear Energy Agency, 2011. "Accords multilatéraux," Bulletin de droit nucléaire, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(2), pages 115-138.
  132. Anonymous, 2011. "2010 AARES Distinguished Fellow Will Martin," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 55(1), March.
  133. Sieds, 2011. "Complete Volume LXV n.3-4 2011," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 0(3-4), pages 1-226.
  134. AfDB AfDB, . "African Statistical Yearbook 2011," African Statistical Yearbook, African Development Bank, number 300, 7.
  135. Jie Wu & Qingxian An & Liang Liang, 2011. "Mergers and acquisitions based on DEA approach," International Journal of Applied Management Science, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 3(3), pages 227-240.
  136. ., 2011. "The Internet in everyday life," Chapters, in: The Economic Impact of Digital Technologies, chapter 2 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  137. AfDB AfDB, . "Africa Competitiveness Report 2011," Africa Competitiveness Report, African Development Bank, number 288, 6.
  138. Kern, Holger & Hainmueller, Jens, 2007. "Opium for the Masses: How Foreign Free Media Can Stabilize Authoritarian Regimes," MPRA Paper 2702, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  139. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Material," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 39(2).
  140. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 229.
  141. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2009," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 66 edited by Koua Louis Kouakou.
  142. Shalabh, 2011. "Fundamentals of Probability: a First Course," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 174(2), pages 507-508, 04.
  143. OECD & Nuclear Energy Agency, 2011. "Case law," Nuclear Law Bulletin, OECD Publishing, vol. 2011(2), pages 65-74.
  144. Editors, 2011. "Software updates," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 11(2), pages 325, June.
  145. Editors, 2011. "Software updates," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 11(4), pages 634, December.
  146. Irat, 2011. "Schede bibliografiche," ECONOMIA E DIRITTO DEL TERZIARIO, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2011(1), pages 175-180.
  147. Editorial, 2011. "Zur Arbeitsmarktlage," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 37(3), pages 373-377.
  148. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 229.
  149. Oecd, 2011. "Private schools: Who Benefits?," PISA in Focus 7, OECD Publishing.
  150. Various, 2011. "Essential Strengths of Crop Insurance," NCIS Special Reports 160544, National Crop Insurance Services (NCIS).
  151. ., 2011. "The Measures of Innovative Activity in Italy," Chapters, in: The Dynamics of Knowledge Externalities, chapter 9 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  152. 橘川, 武郎, 2011. "「低炭素社会」と嶺南地域," PIE/CIS Discussion Paper 506, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  153. Anonymous, 2011. "Front Materials," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(02), May.
  154. Anonymous, 2011. "Book Review," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 230.
  155. Anonymous, 2011. "Back Materials," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(01), February.
  156. AfDB AfDB, . "Egypt - Competitiveness Report 2010 Update," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 307, 7.
  157. Oecd, 2011. "Do Students Today Read for Pleasure?," PISA in Focus 8, OECD Publishing.
  158. Anonymous, 2011. "Index of Volume 55," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 55(4), December.
  159. Anonymous, 2011. "Table of Contents," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 6(1), March.
  160. anonymous, 2011. "Stories of connecting," Annual Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  161. repec:nbr:nberch:12167 is not listed on IDEAS
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16989. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.