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Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia

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  • Della Vigna, Stefano
  • Enikolopov, Ruben
  • Mironova, Vera
  • Petrova, Maria
  • Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina

Abstract

How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe’s deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred towards Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by non-political content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher, and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common, in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.

Suggested Citation

  • Della Vigna, Stefano & Enikolopov, Ruben & Mironova, Vera & Petrova, Maria & Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, 2013. "Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1312, CEPREMAP.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:1312
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    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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