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Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia

  • Della Vigna, Stefano
  • Enikolopov, Ruben
  • Mironova, Vera
  • Petrova, Maria
  • Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina

How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe’s deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred towards Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by non-political content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher, and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common, in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.

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Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) with number 1312.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:1312
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