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Particularités d'adoption des compteurs intelligents au Royaume-Uni et en Allemagne : entre marchés de comptage libéralisé et règles à mettre en place pour un réel smart grid intégré

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  • Claire Bergaentzlé

    () (LEPII-EDDEN - équipe EDDEN - LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cette étude décrit et commente deux cas d'adoption de technologie de comptage intelligent ; les cas allemand et britannique qui ont tous deux libéralisé leur marché de comptage. Il est ici question de mettre en lumière les différentes approches choisies par ces deux pays envers l'adoption des compteurs intelligents, en se basant sur leurs politiques énergétiques, sur les objectifs énergétiques auxquels ils font face ainsi que sur l'organisation de leur chaîne de valeur. Plus particulièrement, on s'intéressera au fait de conserver ou non l'obligation de fournisseur de dernier recours sur la stratégie d'investissement des firmes en compteur intelligent. Ces éléments seront déterminants pour établir les défis propres à l'Allemagne et au Royaume-Uni en termes d'investissement dans la technologie et d'exploitation efficace des données issues du comptage. Par la suite, cette étude tentera de déterminer les obstacles auxquels ces deux pays devraient vraisemblablement faire face sur le long terme, soit une fois le plan de déploiement de compteurs achevé. Il s'agira de déterminer quelles seront les modifications à apporter aux règles de marché et aux cadres de régulation pour maximiser les bénéfices d'un réel smart grid intégré dans lequel les compteurs sont un élément déterminant. Les éléments soulevés s'accompagnent de recommandations spécifiques aux deux pays qui s'inscrivent dans la continuité de leurs objectifs énergétiques.

Suggested Citation

  • Claire Bergaentzlé, 2012. "Particularités d'adoption des compteurs intelligents au Royaume-Uni et en Allemagne : entre marchés de comptage libéralisé et règles à mettre en place pour un réel smart grid intégré," Post-Print halshs-00793322, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00793322
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00793322
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    References listed on IDEAS

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