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Power grid balancing of energy systems with high renewable energy penetration by demand response


  • Stadler, Ingo


It is generally accepted that the integration of intermittent energy resources like wind energy and photovoltaics into an electricity system cannot exceed a limit of around 20% or 25%, see, e.g. [EWEA, 2005. Large-scale integration of wind energy in the European power supply: analysis, issues and recommendations. The European Wind Energy Association]. However, the decoupling of electricity generation and consumption cannot be implemented only by use of electricity storage. In the end, electricity is converted into many different energy services - quite often into thermal energy - which is better suited for storage. This article presents the results of investigations which studied the potential of those demand response activities for Germany. The investigations are based on both modelling of thermal storage devices and laboratory tests.

Suggested Citation

  • Stadler, Ingo, 2008. "Power grid balancing of energy systems with high renewable energy penetration by demand response," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 90-98, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juipol:v:16:y:2008:i:2:p:90-98

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Loiter, Jeffrey M. & Norberg-Bohm, Vicki, 1999. "Technology policy and renewable energy: public roles in the development of new energy technologies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 85-97, February.
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    3. Di Lucia, Lorenzo & Nilsson, Lars J., 2007. "Transport biofuels in the European Union: The state of play," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 533-543, November.
    4. Clark, Woodrow W. & Rifkin, Jeremy & O'Connor, Todd & Swisher, Joel & Lipman, Tim & Rambach, Glen, 2005. "Hydrogen energy stations: along the roadside to the hydrogen economy," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 41-50, March.
    5. Schäfer, Andreas & Heywood, John B. & Weiss, Malcolm A., 2006. "Future fuel cell and internal combustion engine automobile technologies: A 25-year life cycle and fleet impact assessment," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(12), pages 2064-2087.
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