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Differential export taxes along the oilseeds value chain:: A partial equilibrium analysis

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  • Bouët, Antoine
  • Estrades, Carmen
  • Laborde Debucquet, David

Abstract

This research has been undertaken to understand the rationale for the implementation of decreasing export taxes along the value chain in middle-income countries, in particular in the oilseeds value chain. This paper studies the implementation of Differential Export Tax (DET) rates along value chains, in particular in the oilseeds chain (seeds/vegetable oils/biodiesel); this trade policy consists of relatively high export taxes on raw commodities and relatively low taxes on processed goods. This policy may generate public revenues and benefit final consumption by lowering domestic prices of vegetable oils and biodiesel and also promotes production at more processed stages of transformation, particularly in response to tariff escalation by importing partners. The authors first study the theoretical justification of this trade policy with a simple international trade model. It shows how implementing a tax on exports of raw agricultural commodity in a country exporting seeds and vegetable oils augments the sum of profits and final consumers’ surplus in the processing sector, of farmers’ surplus, and of public revenues. Then the authors develop a world partial equilibrium model of the oilseed value chain that illustrates these theoretical conclusions. They simulate (1) the elimination of DETs in Argentina, Indonesia, and Ukraine; (2) the elimination of import tariffs applied by the European Union (EU) and the United States on the same goods; and (3) the elimination of DETs in Argentina, Indonesia, and Ukraine and of import tariffs applied by the EU and the United States. According to the authors’ estimates, both consumers and producers throughout the world benefit from the removal of export taxes in these value chains: US$931 million and US$2.2 billion, respectively. The third scenario leads to a significant expansion of world production of all activities along the value chain, including the production of biodiesel for which world output would expand by 1 percent.

Suggested Citation

  • Bouët, Antoine & Estrades, Carmen & Laborde Debucquet, David, 2012. "Differential export taxes along the oilseeds value chain:: A partial equilibrium analysis," IFPRI discussion papers 1236, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1236
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Grossman, Gene M & Helpman, Elhanan, 1994. "Protection for Sale," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 833-850, September.
    2. Rodrik, Dani, 1989. "Optimal trade taxes for a large country with non-atomistic firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1-2), pages 157-167, February.
    3. Bernhofen, Daniel M, 1997. "Strategic Trade Policy in a Vertically Related Industry," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(3), pages 429-433, August.
    4. David Laborde & Carmen Estrades & Antoine Bouët, 2013. "A Global Assessment of the Economic Effects of Export Taxes," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(10), pages 1333-1354, October.
    5. Antoine Bouët & David Laborde Debucquet, 2012. "Food crisis and export taxation: the cost of non-cooperative trade policies," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 148(1), pages 209-233, April.
    6. Costa, Rafael F. & Xia, Yan & Susanto, Dwi & Rosson, C. Parr, III & Adcock, Flynn J., 2008. "Analyzing the Impact of Changes in Trade and Domestic Policies: The Case of the Soybean Complex," 2009 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2009, Atlanta, Georgia 45853, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    7. Mohamad F. Hasan & Michael R. Reed & Mary A. Marchant, 2001. "Effects of an Export Tax on Competitiveness: The Case of the Indonesian Palm Oil Industry," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 26(2), pages 77-90, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Estrades, Carmen, 2015. "The Role of Export Restrictions in Agriculture Trade," 2015: Trade and Societal Well-Being, December 13-15, 2015, Clearwater Beach, Florida 229229, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    2. Badri Narayanan, G. & Khorana, Sangeetha, 2014. "Tariff escalation, export shares and economy-wide welfare: A computable general equilibrium approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 109-118.
    3. Jean-Marc Solleder, 2018. "Market Power and Export Taxes," Post-Print hal-01907607, HAL.
    4. Olga Solleder, 2013. "Panel Export Taxes (PET) Dataset: New Data on Export Tax Rates," IHEID Working Papers 07-2013, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    export taxes; partial equilibrium model; tariff escalation; International trade; Biofuels; oilseeds; value chain;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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