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Private money and banking regulation

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  • Cyril Monnet
  • Daniel R. Sanches

Abstract

We show that a competitive banking system is inconsistent with an optimum quantity of private money. Because bankers cannot commit to their promises and the composition of their assets is not publicly observable, a positive franchise value is required to induce the full convertibility of bank liabilities. Under perfect competition, a positive franchise value can be obtained only if the return on bank liabilities is sufficiently low, which imposes a cost on those who hold these liabilities for transaction purposes. If the banking system is monopolistic, then an efficient allocation is incentive-feasible. In this case, the members of the banking system obtain a higher return on assets, making it feasible to pay a sufficiently high return on bank liabilities. Finally, we argue that the regulation of the banking system is required to obtain efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Cyril Monnet & Daniel R. Sanches, 2015. "Private money and banking regulation," Working Papers 15-19, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:15-19
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stephan Imhof & Cyril Monnet & Shengxing Zhang, 2018. "The Risk-Taking Channel of Liquidity Regulations and Monetary Policy," Diskussionsschriften dp1815, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
    2. Lukas Altermatt, 2022. "Inside Money, Investment, And Unconventional Monetary Policy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 63(4), pages 1527-1560, November.
    3. Jess Benhabib & Jianjun Miao & Pengfei Wang, 2016. "Chaotic banking crises and regulations," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 393-422, February.
    4. Robert Kirkby, 2018. "Cryptocurrencies and Digital Fiat Currencies," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 51(4), pages 527-539, December.
    5. Wang, Tianxi, 2021. "Government Bonds, Bank Liquidity and Non-Neutrality of Monetary Policy in the Steady," Economics Discussion Papers 29502, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    6. Fernández-Villaverde, Jesús & Sanches, Daniel, 2019. "Can currency competition work?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 1-15.
    7. Matsuoka, Tarishi, 2022. "Asset prices and standing facilities in a monetary economy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 135(C).
    8. Abreu, Emmanuel Sousa de & Kimura, Herbert & Sobreiro, Vinicius Amorim, 2019. "What is going on with studies on banking efficiency?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 195-219.
    9. Williamson, Stephen D., 2016. "Scarce collateral, the term premium, and quantitative easing," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 136-165.
    10. Ohik Kwon & Jaevin Park, 2018. "E-money: Legal Restrictions Theory and Monetary Policy," Working Papers 2018-17, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    11. Malavika Nair & Rahimat Emozozo, 2018. "Electronic Currency In Africa: M†Pesa As Private Inside Money," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(2), pages 197-206, June.
    12. Lukas Altermatt, 2019. "Bank lending, financial frictions, and inside money creation," ECON - Working Papers 325, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
    13. Salter, Alexander & Tarko, Vlad, "undated". "Governing the Financial System: A Theory of Financial Resilience," Working Papers 06954, George Mason University, Mercatus Center.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Private money; Banking structure; Regulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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