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The Market Events of Mid-September 2019

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Abstract

This paper studies the mid-September 2019 stress in U.S. money markets: On September 16 and 17, unsecured and secured funding rates spiked up and, on September 17, the effective federal funds rate broke the ceiling of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) target range. We highlight two factors that may have contributed to these events. First, reserves may have become scarce for at least some depository institutions, in the sense that these institutions’ reserve holdings may have been close to, or lower than, their desired level. Moreover, frictions in the interbank market may have prevented the efficient allocation of reserves across institutions, so that although aggregate reserves may have been higher than the sum of reserves demanded by each institution, they were still scarce given the market’s inability to allocate reserves efficiently. Second, we provide evidence that some large domestic dealers likely experienced an increase in intermediation costs, which led them to charge higher spreads to ultimate cash borrowers. This increase was due to a temporary reduction in lending from money market mutual funds, including through the Fixed Income Clearing Corporation’s (FICC’s) sponsored repo program.

Suggested Citation

  • Gara Afonso & Marco Cipriani & Adam Copeland & Anna Kovner & Gabriele La Spada & Antoine Martin, 2020. "The Market Events of Mid-September 2019," Staff Reports 918, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:87585
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. La Spada, Gabriele, 2018. "Competition, reach for yield, and money market funds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 129(1), pages 87-110.
    2. Gara Afonso & Ricardo Lagos, 2015. "Trade Dynamics in the Market for Federal Funds," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 83, pages 263-313, January.
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    9. Ennis, Huberto M., 2018. "A simple general equilibrium model of large excess reserves," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 50-65.
    10. Bech, Morten & Keister, Todd, 2017. "Liquidity regulation and the implementation of monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 64-77.
    11. Marco Cipriani & Julia Gouny, 2015. "The Eurodollar Market in the United States," Liberty Street Economics 20150527, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
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    13. William Poole, 1968. "Commercial Bank Reserve Management In A Stochastic Model: Implications For Monetary Policy," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 23(5), pages 769-791, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ryan, Ellen & Whelan, Karl, 2021. "A Model of QE, Reserve Demand and the Money Multiplier," CEPR Discussion Papers 15882, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Larry D. Wall, 2021. "Bank Supervisory Goals versus Monetary Policy Implementation," Policy Hub 2021-03, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    3. Bank for International Settlements, 2020. "US dollar funding: an international perspective," CGFS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 65, June.
    4. Adam Copeland & Darrell Duffie & Yilin Yang, 2021. "Reserves Were Not So Ample After All," Staff Reports 974, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    5. Joshua Bosshardt & Ali Kakhbod & Farzad Saidi, 2021. "The Bank Liquidity Channel of Financial (In)stability," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 108, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
    6. Sriya Anbil & Alyssa G. Anderson & Zeynep Senyuz, 2021. "Are Repo Markets Fragile? Evidence from September 2019," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2021-028, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    central bank reserves; repo market; monetary policy; federal funds market; regulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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