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Nonlinear relationship between permanent and transitory components of monetary aggregates and the economy

  • Richard G. Anderson
  • Barry Jones
  • Marcelle Chauvet

This paper uses several methods to study the interrelationship among Divisia monetary aggregates, prices, and income, allowing for nonstationary, nonlinearities, asymmetries, and time-varying relationships among the series. We propose a multivariate regime switching unobserved components model to obtain transitory and permanent components for each series, allowing for potential recurrent and structural changes in their dynamics. Each component follows distinct two-state Markov processes representing low or high phases. Since the lead-lag relationship between the phases can vary over time, rather than preimposing a structure to their linkages, the proposed flexible framework enables us to study their specific lead-lag relationship over each one of their cycles and over each U.S. recession in the last 40 years. The decomposition of the series into permanent and transitory components reveals striking results. First, we find a strong nonlinear association between the components of money and prices – all low phases of the transitory component of prices were preceded by tight transitory and permanent money phases. We also find that most recessions were preceded by tight money phases (its cyclical and permanent components) and high transitory price phases (with the exception of the 2001 and 2009-2010 recessions). In addition, all recessions were associated with a decrease in transitory and permanent income.>

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Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in its series Working Papers with number 2013-018.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2013-018
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  3. Chang-Jin Kim & Jeremy Piger & Richard Startz, 2003. "The Dynamic Relationship Between Permanent and Transitory Components of U.S. Business Cycle," Working Papers UWEC-2003-36, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
  4. Barnett, William A., 2012. "Getting it Wrong: How Faulty Monetary Statistics Undermine the Fed, the Financial System, and the Economy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262516888, June.
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  9. Schunk, Donald L, 2001. "The Relative Forecasting Performance of the Divisia and Simple Sum Monetary Aggregates," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(2), pages 272-83, May.
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  17. Serletis, Apostolos & Rahman, Sajjadur, 2013. "The Case For Divisia Money Targeting," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(08), pages 1638-1658, December.
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  24. Donald W.K. Andrews & Werner Ploberger, 1992. "Optimal Tests When a Nuisance Parameter Is Present Only Under the Alternative," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1015, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
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