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Bank liquidity hoarding and the financial crisis: an empirical evaluation

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  • Jose M. Berrospide

Abstract

I test and find supporting evidence for the precautionary motive hypothesis of liquidity hoarding for U.S. commercial banks during the recent financial crisis. I find that banks held more liquid assets in anticipation of future losses from securities write-downs. Exposure to securities losses in their investment portfolios and expected loan losses (measured by loan loss reserves) represent key measures of banks' on-balance sheet risks, in addition to off-balance sheet liquidity risk stemming from unused loan commitments. Furthermore, unrealized securities losses and loan loss reserves seem to better capture the risks stemming from banks' asset management and provide supporting evidence for the precautionary nature of liquidity hoarding. Moreover, I find that more than one-fourth of the reduction in bank lending during the crisis is due to the precautionary motive.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose M. Berrospide, 2013. "Bank liquidity hoarding and the financial crisis: an empirical evaluation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-03, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2013-03
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    1. repec:prg:jnlpep:v:preprint:id:529 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Kim, Dohan & Sohn, Wook, 2017. "The effect of bank capital on lending: Does liquidity matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 95-107.
    3. Pavla Vodová, 2015. "To Lend or to Borrow on the Interbank Market: What Matters for Commercial Banks in the Visegrad Countries," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(6), pages 662-677.
    4. Valderrama, Laura, 2015. "Macroprudential regulation under repo funding," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 178-199.
    5. S. Gabrieli & D. Salakhova & G. Vuillemey, 2015. "Cross-border interbank contagion in the European banking sector," Working papers 545, Banque de France.
    6. Jung, Hosung & Kim, Dongcheol, 2015. "Bank funding structure and lending under liquidity shocks: Evidence from Korea," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 62-80.

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