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Gender Gaps in Performance Pay: New Evidence from Spain

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  • Sara de la Rica
  • Juan J. Dolado
  • Raquel Vegas

Abstract

This paper analyzes the gender gap in the performance–pay component of hourly wages received by workers in Spain using detailed information drawn from a large wage survey for 2006. Under the assumption that performance pay is determined in a more competitive fashion than the remaining wage components, there should be less room for gender discrimination. However, this is not what we find. After controlling for observable characteristics, non-random selection into performance-pay jobs and for segregation into different firms and occupations, the estimated adjusted gap in favour of male remains large (around 30 log points). Further, there is evidence of a “glass ceiling” pattern throughout the distribution of performance pay. After examining alternative hypotheses that could rationalize these findings, we conjecture that employers’ discrimination, possibly due to monopsonistic power, might be the one which is more consistent with the evidence.

Suggested Citation

  • Sara de la Rica & Juan J. Dolado & Raquel Vegas, 2013. "Gender Gaps in Performance Pay: New Evidence from Spain," Working Papers 2013-14, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2013-14
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lazear, Edward P & Rosen, Sherwin, 1981. "Rank-Order Tournaments as Optimum Labor Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 841-864, October.
    2. Alan Manning & Farzad Saidi, 2010. "Understanding the Gender Pay Gap: What's Competition Got to Do with it?," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 63(4), pages 681-698, July.
    3. Edward P. Lazear, 2000. "Performance Pay and Productivity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1346-1361, December.
    4. Muriel Niederle & Lise Vesterlund, 2007. "Do Women Shy Away From Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1067-1101.
    5. Moshe Buchinsky, 2001. "Quantile regression with sample selection: Estimating women's return to education in the U.S," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 87-113.
    6. Jimeno, Juan F. & Felgueroso, Florentino & Dolado, Juan José, 1997. "Minimum wages, collective bargaining and wage dispersion : the spanish case," UC3M Working papers. Economics 10496, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    7. Uri Gneezy & Muriel Niederle & Aldo Rustichini, 2003. "Performance in Competitive Environments: Gender Differences," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(3), pages 1049-1074.
    8. Boris Hirsch & Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel, 2010. "Differences in Labor Supply to Monopsonistic Firms and the Gender Pay Gap: An Empirical Analysis Using Linked Employer-Employee Data from Germany," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(2), pages 291-330, April.
    9. Booth, Alison L. & Francesconi, Marco & Frank, Jeff, 2003. "A sticky floors model of promotion, pay, and gender," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 295-322, April.
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Gender Gaps in Performance Pay: New Evidence from Spain
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2013-12-11 19:54:24

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