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Structural Reforms in the EU: A simulation-based analysis using the QUEST model with endogenous growth

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  • Werner Roeger
  • Janos Varga
  • Jan in 't Veld

Abstract

This paper describes the endogenous growth version of the QUEST III model and uses it to analyse the macroeconomic impact of various structural reform measures. This paper describes a micro-founded DSGE model with endogenous growth that is used to analyse the macroeconomic impact of structural reforms in Europe. The new QUEST III model is a useful tool for analysing the costs and benefits of reforms in terms of concrete and quantifiable policy measures, in particular fiscal policy instruments such as taxes, benefits, subsidies and education expenditures, administrative costs faced by firms and regulatory indices. Our results confirm the beneficial effects on output and employment of skill-biased tax reforms, measures that improve the skill composition of the labour force, R&D subsidies, raising competition in final goods market, increased financial market integration and measures that remove entry barriers in certain markets. The model also allows us to examine the adjustment path and the time lags involved before these benefits can be reaped.

Suggested Citation

  • Werner Roeger & Janos Varga & Jan in 't Veld, 2008. "Structural Reforms in the EU: A simulation-based analysis using the QUEST model with endogenous growth," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 351, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  • Handle: RePEc:euf:ecopap:0351
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    Cited by:

    1. Barbara Annicchiarico & Fabio Dio & Francesco Felici, 2015. "Fiscal Devaluation Scenarios: A Quantitative Assessment for the Italian Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 731-785, September.
    2. Janos Varga & Jan in 't Veld, 2009. "A model-based assessment of the macroeconomic impact of EU structural funds on the new Member States," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 371, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    3. Benoît Campagne & Aurélien Poissonnier, 2015. "Structural Reforms in DSGE Models : A Plead for Sensitivity Analysis," EcoMod2015 8482, EcoMod.
    4. Fabio Di Dio & Barbara Annicchiarico & Francesco Felici, 2011. "The macroeconomics of Europe 2020 reform strategy and the potential effects on Italian economy," EcoMod2011 2866, EcoMod.
    5. repec:eso:journl:v:47:y:2016:i:1:p:1-31 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. European Commission, 2013. "Tax reforms in EU Member States - Tax policy challenges for economic growth and fiscal sustainability – 2013 Report," Taxation Papers 38, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    7. Reinhilde Veugelers, 2015. "Do we have the right kind of diversity in Innovation Policies among EU Member States?," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 108, WWWforEurope.
    8. Michael Donadelli & Patrick Gruning, 2017. "Innovation Dynamics and Fiscal Policy: Implications for Growth, Asset Prices, and Welfare," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 43, Bank of Lithuania.
    9. Barbara Annicchiarico & Fabio Di Dio & Francesco Felici & Francesco Nucci, "undated". "Macroeconomic Modelling and the Effects of Policy Reforms: an Assessment for Italy using ITEM and," Working Papers 1, Department of the Treasury, Ministry of the Economy and of Finance.
    10. FRANCESCO FELICI & Barbara Annicchiarico & Fabio Di Dio, 2012. "Structural Reforms and the Potential Effects on the Italian Economy," EcoMod2012 5073, EcoMod.
    11. Barbara Annicchiarico, Fabio Di Dio, Francesco Felici, 2013. "Pro-Competitive Reforms And Timing Of Implementation: An Igem-Based Simulation Analysis For Italy," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 67(2), pages 155-170, April-Jun.
    12. Miguel Sanchez-Martinez & Cristiana Benedetti-Fasil & Peder Christensen & Nicolas Robledo-Bottcher, 2017. "R&D tax credits and their macroeconomic impact in the EU: an assessment using QUEST III," JRC Working Papers JRC108931, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    13. Barbara Annicchiarico & Fabio Di Dio & Francesco Felici & Francesco Nucci, 2014. "Assessing Policy Reforms for Italy Using ITEM and QUEST III," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, issue 3, pages 211-244, July-Sept.
    14. DOBRE, Alin Stelian, 2015. "Public Revenues And Social Polarization In Romania," Studii Financiare (Financial Studies), Centre of Financial and Monetary Research "Victor Slavescu", vol. 19(2), pages 92-103.
    15. Claudio Baccianti & Andreas Löschel, 2014. "The Role of Product and Process Innovation in CGE Models of Environmental Policy," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 68, WWWforEurope.
    16. Francesca D'Auria & Andrea Pagano & Marco Ratto & Janos Varga, 2009. "A comparison of structural reform scenarios across the EU member states - Simulation-based analysis using the QUEST model with endogenous growth," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 392, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    17. Francesca D'Auria & Kieran Mc Morrow & Karl Pichelmann, 2008. "Economic impact of migration flows following the 2004 EU enlargement process - A model based analysis," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 349, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    18. Fritz Breuss, 2015. "In Search of Growth in a Future with Diminished Expectations. The Case of Austria," WIFO Working Papers 493, WIFO.
    19. Daragh Clancy & Rossana Merola, 2016. "ÉIRE Mod: A DSGE Model for Ireland," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 47(1), pages 1-31.
    20. Annicchiarico, Barbara & Di Dio, Fabio & Felici, Francesco, 2013. "Structural reforms and the potential effects on the Italian economy," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 88-109.
    21. Fabio DI DIO & Barbara ANNICCHIARICO & Francesco FELICI & Francesco NUCCI, "undated". "Macroeconomic Modelling and Policy Implications: an Assessment for Italy using ITEM and QUEST," EcoMod2010 259600045, EcoMod.
    22. Kollmann, Robert & Vogel, Lukas, 2015. "Discussion of ‘Market Reforms in the Time of Imbalance’ (M. Cacciatore, R.Duval, G. Fiori, F. Ghironi)," MPRA Paper 70194, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Cozzi, Guido, 2017. "Combining semi-endogenous and fully endogenous growth: A generalization," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 155(C), pages 89-91.
    24. Claudio Baccianti & Andreas Löschel, 2015. "Investment-specific vs Process Innovation in a CGE model of Environmental Policy," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 85, WWWforEurope.
    25. Janos Varga & Jan in 't Veld, 2014. "The potential growth impact of structural reforms in the EU. A benchmarking exercise," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 541, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Structural reforms; endogenous growth; R&D; DSGE modelling; Roeger; Varga ; in 't Veld; Structural Reforms in the EU: A simulation-based analysis using the QUEST model with endogenous growth;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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