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Merger Policy, Entry, and Entrepreneurship

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  • Mason, Robin
  • Weeds, Helen

Abstract

We assess the impact of merger policy on entry and entrepreneurship. Facing uncertainty about its prospects and foreseeing that it may wish to quit should profitability prove poor, a rational entrant considers possible exit routes. Horizontal merger reduces competition subsequently, lowering welfare in the short run, but also provides a valuable exit route. By facilitating exit and thus raising the value of entry, more lenient merger policy may stimulate entry sufficiently that welfare is increased overall. We calculate the optimal merger policy in the form of a low, but positive, profitability threshold below which a merger is permitted despite its adverse impact on post-merger competition. This may be viewed as an extension of the 'failing firm defence' to include ailing, low profitability firms as well as imminently failing ones. The implications of strategic firm behaviour for the optimal policy are examined, and merger policy is compared with an entry subsidy.

Suggested Citation

  • Mason, Robin & Weeds, Helen, 2007. "Merger Policy, Entry, and Entrepreneurship," Economics Discussion Papers 3061, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:esx:essedp:3061
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    Cited by:

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    2. Gilbert, Richard J. & Katz, Michael L., 2022. "Dynamic merger policy and pre-merger product choice by an entrant," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).
    3. Lefouili, Yassine & Madio, Leonardo, 2023. "Market Structure and Investments : A Progress Report," TSE Working Papers 23-1491, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Mar 2024.
    4. Jaunaux, Laure & Lefouili, Yassine & Sand-Zantman, Wilfried, 2017. "Entry and merger policy," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 161(C), pages 124-129.
    5. Schmutzler, Armin & Letina, Igor & Seibel, Regina, 2020. "Start-up Acquisitions and Innovation Strategies," VfS Annual Conference 2020 (Virtual Conference): Gender Economics 224631, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Igor Letina & Armin Schmutzler & Regina Seibel, 2024. "Killer Acquisitions And Beyond: Policy Effects On Innovation Strategies," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 65(2), pages 591-622, May.
    7. Pan, Hui, 2009. "Content and Advertising: TV Media Competition in a Mixed-duopoly Market," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 137-154.
    8. Jaunaux, Laure & Lefouili, Yassine & Sand-Zantman, Wilfried, 2017. "Entry and merger policy," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 161(C), pages 124-129.
    9. Elena Chernova & Svetlana Razmanova, 2018. "Development of Competitive Environment in the Oil Market of Russian Federation: Empirical Analysis," Economy of region, Centre for Economic Security, Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 1(2), pages 547-561.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law
    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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