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Country level efficiency and national systems of entrepreneurship: a data envelopment analysis approach

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  • Lafuente, Esteban
  • Szerb, László
  • Acs, Zoltan J.

Abstract

This paper tests the efficiency hypothesis of the knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Using a comprehensive database for 63 countries for 2012, we employ data envelopment analysis to directly test how countries capitalize on their available entrepreneurial resources. Results support the efficiency hypothesis of knowledge spillover entrepreneurship. We find that innovation-driven economies make a more efficient use of their resources, and that the accumulation of market potential by existing incumbent businesses explains country-level inefficiency. Regardless of the stage of development, knowledge formation is a response to market opportunities and a healthy national system of entrepreneurship is associated with knowledge spillovers that are a prerequisite for higher levels of efficiency. Public policies promoting economic growth should consider national systems of entrepreneurship as a critical priority, so that entrepreneurs can effectively allocate resources in the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Lafuente, Esteban & Szerb, László & Acs, Zoltan J., 2016. "Country level efficiency and national systems of entrepreneurship: a data envelopment analysis approach," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 68907, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:68907
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nobuya Fukugawa & Masahito Ambashi Author-Person : pam152 & Yuanita Suhud, 2018. "Division of Labour Amongst Innovation Intermediaries in Agricultural Innovation Systems: The Case of Indonesia," Working Papers DP-2018-06, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    2. Erkko Autio & Laszlo Szerb & Eva Komlosi & Monika Tiszberger, 2018. "The European Index of Digital Entrepreneurship Systems," JRC Working Papers JRC112439, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    3. repec:kap:sbusec:v:51:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-018-0012-x is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:kap:sbusec:v:51:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-018-0013-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Zoltan J. Acs & Saul Estrin & Tomasz Mickiewicz & László Szerb, 2018. "Entrepreneurship, institutional economics, and economic growth: an ecosystem perspective," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 51(2), pages 501-514, August.
    6. repec:kap:sbusec:v:50:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9904-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:ksa:szemle:1845 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Knowledge spillover theory; GEDI; GEM; Efficiency; Data envelopment analysis; Clusters;

    JEL classification:

    • C4 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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