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Exports and sectoral financial dependence: evidence on French firms during the great global crisis

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  • Bricongne, Jean-Charles
  • Fontagné, Lionel
  • Gaulier, Guillaume
  • Taglioni, Daria
  • Vicard, Vincent

Abstract

The unprecedented drop in international trade during the last quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2009 has mainly been analysed at the macroeconomic or sectoral level. However, exporters who are heterogeneous in terms of productivity, size or external financial dependence should be heterogeneously affected by the crisis. This issue is examined in this paper by using data on monthly exports at the product and destination level for some 100,000 individual French exporters, up to 2009M4. We show that the drop in French exports is mainly due to the intensive margin of large exporters. Small and large exporters are evenly affected when sectoral and geographical specialisations are controlled for. Lastly, exporters (small and large) in sectors structurally more dependent on external finance are the most affected by the crisis. JEL Classification: F02, F10, G01

Suggested Citation

  • Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2010. "Exports and sectoral financial dependence: evidence on French firms during the great global crisis," Working Paper Series 1227, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20101227
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bussière, Matthieu & Chudik, Alexander & Sestieri, Giulia, 2009. "Modelling global trade flows: results from a GVAR model," Working Paper Series 1087, European Central Bank.
    2. Matthieu Bussière & Emilia Pérez‐Barreiro & Roland Straub & Daria Taglioni, 2011. "Protectionist Responses to the Crisis: Global Trends and Implications," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34, pages 826-852, May.
    3. Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2012. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 134-146.
    4. Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Yvan Decreux & Lionel Fontagné & David Khoudour-Castéras, 2009. "Economic Crisis and Global Supply Chains," Working Papers 2009-15, CEPII research center.
    5. Angela Cheptea & Guillaume Gaulier & Soledad Zignago, 2004. "The World Market: Market Shares and Export Performances," La Lettre du CEPII, CEPII research center, issue 231.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Wagner, Joachim, 2012. "The Microstructure of the Great Export Collapse in German Manufacturing Industries, 2008/2009," IZA Discussion Papers 6393, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Ewald Nowotny & Peter Mooslechner & Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald (ed.), 2011. "Post-Crisis Growth and Integration in Europe," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14404.
    3. Rahul Giri & Enrique Seira & Kensuke Teshima, 2014. "Exporters During the Trade Collapse: The (Surprising) Resiliency of the Small Exporter," Working Papers 2014-06, Banco de México.
    4. Rahul Giri & Enrique Seira & Kensuke Teshima, 2013. "Did trade crisis affect different exporters differently? Case of Mexico," Working Papers 1304, Centro de Investigacion Economica, ITAM.
    5. Lo Turco, Alessia & Maggioni, Daniela, 2014. "The micro evolution of trade and turnover in Turkey under the global crisis," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 397-414.
    6. Silvio Contessi & Francesca de Nicola, 2012. "What do we know about the relationship between access to finance and international trade?," Working Papers 2012-054, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    7. Buono, Ines & Fadinger, Harald & Berger, Stefan, 2008. "The Micro Dynamics of Exporting: Evidence from French Firms," MPRA Paper 12940, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Bouët, Antoine & Vaubourg, Anne-Gaël, 2015. "Financial constraints and international trade with endogenous mode of competition:," IFPRI discussion papers 1438, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. Laszlo Halpern, 2011. "The Great Trade Collapse and its Impact on Firms in Europe," Chapters,in: Post-Crisis Growth and Integration in Europe, chapter 23 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Wagner Joachim, 2014. "The Role of Extensive Margins of Exports in The Great Export Recovery in Germany, 2009/2010," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 234(4), pages 518-526, August.
    11. Wagner, Joachim, 2013. "The granular nature of the great export collapse in German manufacturing industries, 2008/2009," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 7, pages 1-21.
    12. Joachim Wagner, 2013. "Extensive margins of imports in the great import recovery in Germany, 2009/2010," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(4), pages 2732-2743.
    13. Bouët, Antoine & Vaubourg, Anne-Gaël, 2016. "Financial constraints and international trade with endogenous mode of competition," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 179-194.
    14. Emilio Gutiérrez, 2013. "Air quality and infant mortality in Mexico: Evidence from variation in pollution levels caused by the usage of Small-Scale plants," Working Papers 1301, Centro de Investigacion Economica, ITAM.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial crisis; firms’ heterogeneity; intensive and extensive margins; international trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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