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Liability Dollarization and Fear of Floating

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  • Quoc Hung Nguyen

    () (University of British Columbia)

Abstract

This paper addresses the question of whether fear of floating in developing countries can be justified as optimal discretionary monetary policy in a dollarized economy where intermediate goods importers face Bernanke-type credit constraint. Exchange rate depreciation not only worsens the net-worth but also increases the financing amount of importer firms who borrow in foreign currency, hence exaggerating the borrowing finance premium. Besides, because of high exchange rate passthrough, fluctuations in the exchange rate also have strong impacts on domestic price levels and production. These effects, together, magnify the macroeconomic consequences of the economy that experiences external and domestic technology shocks. It can be shown that the fixed exchange rate regime dominates the inflation targeting regime in both the role of cushioning shocks and in welfare terms.

Suggested Citation

  • Quoc Hung Nguyen, 2007. "Liability Dollarization and Fear of Floating," Working Papers 16, Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam, revised May 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:dpc:wpaper:1607
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    File URL: http://depocenwp.org/modules/download/index.php?id=16
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Michael B. Devereux & Philip R. Lane & Juanyi Xu, 2006. "Exchange Rates and Monetary Policy in Emerging Market Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(511), pages 478-506, April.
    2. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2003. "Closing small open economy models," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 163-185, October.
    3. Guillermo A. Calvo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "Fear of Floating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 379-408.
    4. Christiano, Lawrence J. & Eichenbaum, Martin & Evans, Charles L., 1997. "Sticky price and limited participation models of money: A comparison," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 1201-1249, June.
    5. Braggion, Fabio & Christiano, Lawrence J. & Roldos, Jorge, 2009. "Optimal monetary policy in a [`]sudden stop'," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 582-595, May.
    6. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff & Miguel A. Savastano, 2014. "Addicted to Dollars," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 15(1), pages 1-50, May.
    7. Julio J. Rotemberg, 1982. "Monopolistic Price Adjustment and Aggregate Output," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(4), pages 517-531.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Liability Dollarizaion; Fear of Floating; Imported Goods;

    JEL classification:

    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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