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Liability Dollarization and Fear of Floating

  • Quoc Hung Nguyen


    (University of British Columbia)

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    This paper addresses the question of whether fear of floating in developing countries can be justified as optimal discretionary monetary policy in a dollarized economy where intermediate goods importers face Bernanke-type credit constraint. Exchange rate depreciation not only worsens the net-worth but also increases the financing amount of importer firms who borrow in foreign currency, hence exaggerating the borrowing finance premium. Besides, because of high exchange rate passthrough, fluctuations in the exchange rate also have strong impacts on domestic price levels and production. These effects, together, magnify the macroeconomic consequences of the economy that experiences external and domestic technology shocks. It can be shown that the fixed exchange rate regime dominates the inflation targeting regime in both the role of cushioning shocks and in welfare terms.

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    Paper provided by Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam in its series Working Papers with number 16.

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    Length: 34 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2007
    Date of revision: May 2008
    Handle: RePEc:dpc:wpaper:1607
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    1. Christiano, Lawrence J. & Eichenbaum, Martin & Evans, Charles L., 1997. "Sticky price and limited participation models of money: A comparison," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 1201-1249, June.
    2. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff & Miguel A. Savastano, 2014. "Addicted to Dollars," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 15(1), pages 1-50, May.
    3. Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín, 2002. "Closing Small Open Economy Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 3096, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Michael B. Devereux & Philip R. Lane & Juanyi Xu, 2006. "Exchange Rates and Monetary Policy in Emerging Market Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(511), pages 478-506, 04.
    5. Reinhart, Carmen & Calvo, Guillermo, 2002. "Fear of floating," MPRA Paper 14000, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Braggion, Fabio & Christiano, Lawrence J. & Roldos, Jorge, 2009. "Optimal monetary policy in a [`]sudden stop'," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 582-595, May.
    7. Rotemberg, Julio J, 1982. "Monopolistic Price Adjustment and Aggregate Output," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(4), pages 517-31, October.
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