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Effective European Antitrust: Does EC Merger Policy Generate Deterrence

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  • Joseph Clougherty
  • Tomaso Duso
  • Miyu Lee
  • Jo Seldeslachts

Abstract

We estimate the deterrence effects of European Commission (EC) merger policy instruments over the 1990-2009 period. Our empirical results suggest that phase-1 remedies uniquely generate robust deterrence as – unlike phase-1 withdrawals, phase-2 remedies, and preventions – phase-1 remedies lead to fewer merger notifications in subsequent years. Furthermore, the deterrence effects of phase-1 remedies work best in high-concentration industries; i.e., industries where the HHI is above the 0.2 cut-off level employed by the EC. Additionally, we find that phase-1 remedies do not deter clearly pro-competitive mergers, but do deter potentially anti-competitive mergers in high-concentration industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Joseph Clougherty & Tomaso Duso & Miyu Lee & Jo Seldeslachts, 2015. "Effective European Antitrust: Does EC Merger Policy Generate Deterrence," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1523, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1523
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Merger; deterrence; European Commission; merger policy; competition policy; antitrust;

    JEL classification:

    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law
    • K40 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - General
    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General

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