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Santé, Inégalités et ruptures sociales à Antananarivo, Premiers résultats de l’enquête SIRS 2003


  • Mireille Razafindrakoto

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François Roubaud

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Jean-Michel Wachsberger

    () (DIAL, Lasmas, Gracc)


This paper addresses the issue of labour market sectoral allocation, and more specifically of the determinant of "choosing" the informal sector in Vietnam, a massive and unknown component of the Vietnamese economy. Instead of focusing on indirect measures to reveal individual preferences, our approach rely on job satisfaction, taking into account individual socio-demographic characteristics, earnings and labour conditions attached to the jobs. The empirics is based on the Labor Force Survey conducted by the General Office of Statistics in 2009 on a nationwide representative sample of 16 000 households, with the participation of the authors. In particular, the question on job satisfaction has been introduced in the questionnaire on their behalf. Our results suggest that job satisfaction in the informal sector is low (compared to formal sector), for wage workers as for own account workers, even if the latter jobs are more valued than the former. Thus in most cases, working in the informal sector is more a constraint than a free choice, except when it is a strategy to escape working in agricultural activities. _________________________________ Cette étude analyse les déterminants de l'allocation sectorielle sur le marché du travail. Plus particulièrement, elle s’attache à explorer la question des déterminants du « choix » du travail dans le secteur informel au Vietnam, une composante aussi massive et durable que méconnue de l'économie de ce pays. Plutôt que de passer par des mesures indirectes visant à révéler les préférences individuelles, elle apporte une contribution originale en s’intéressant à la satisfaction que ces emplois procurent, en tenant compte des caractéristiques sociodémographiques des individus, des revenus générés par les emplois et des conditions dans lesquelles ils s’exercent. On exploite pour cela les données de l’enquête emploi (Labor Force Survey) de l’Office Général de la Statistique de 2009 menée auprès d’un échantillon représentatif de la population nationale de 16 000 ménages, avec la participation des auteurs. En particulier, la question de la satisfaction dans l'emploi a été introduite dans le questionnaire à leur instigation. Nos résultats mettent en évidence une faible satisfaction procurée par les emplois du secteur informel (comparativement à ceux du secteur formel), qu’ils soient salariés ou indépendants, même si ces derniers sont significativement plus appréciés. Travailler dans le secteur informel apparaît ainsi dans la plupart des cas comme un choix par défaut, sauf lorsqu’il permet d’échapper au secteur agricole.

Suggested Citation

  • Mireille Razafindrakoto & François Roubaud & Jean-Michel Wachsberger, 2012. "Santé, Inégalités et ruptures sociales à Antananarivo, Premiers résultats de l’enquête SIRS 2003," Working Papers DT/2012/10, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201210

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Satisfaction dans l'emploi; marché du travail; secteur informel; rémunération; Vietnam; Job Satisfaction; Labour Market; Informal Sector; Earnings.;

    JEL classification:

    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East


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