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Local Financial Development and Firm Performance: Evidence from Morocco

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  • Marcel Fafchamps
  • Matthias Schündeln

Abstract

Combining data from the Moroccan census of manufcaturing enterprises with information from a commune survey, we test whether firm expansion is affected by local financial development. Our findings are consistent with this hypothesis: local bank availability is robustly associated with faster growth for small and medium-size firms in sectors with growth opportunities, with a lower likelihood of firm exit and a higher likelihood of investment. The findings also suggests a channel for the effect of the availability of financing in firm growth in our data, namely that access to credit was used to invest in labor saving technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcel Fafchamps & Matthias Schündeln, 2011. "Local Financial Development and Firm Performance: Evidence from Morocco," CSAE Working Paper Series 2011-02, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  • Handle: RePEc:csa:wpaper:2011-02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Anna M. Ferragina & Fernanda Mazzotta & Khalid Sekkat, 2016. "Financial constraints and productivity growth across the size spectrum: microeconomic evidence from Morocco," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 6(3), pages 361-381, December.
    2. Chen, Zhao & Poncet, Sandra & Xiong, Ruixiang, 2020. "Local financial development and constraints on domestic private-firm exports: Evidence from city commercial banks in China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 56-75.
    3. Tran, Viet T. & Walle, Yabibal M. & Herwartz, Helmut, 2020. "The impact of local financial development on firm growth in Vietnam: Does the level of corruption matter?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    4. Hossain, Monzur & Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2021. "Optimal branching strategy, local financial development, and SMEs’ performance," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 421-432.
    5. Antonio Ciccone & Elias Papaioannou, 2016. "Estimating Cross-Industry Cross-Country Interaction Models Using Benchmark Industry Characteristics," NBER Working Papers 22368, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Wang, Chao & Zhang, Xinyi & Ghadimi, Pezhman & Liu, Qian & Lim, Ming K. & Stanley, H. Eugene, 2019. "The impact of regional financial development on economic growth in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region: A spatial econometric analysis," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 521(C), pages 635-648.
    7. Erhardt, Eva Christine, 2017. "Microfinance beyond self-employment: Evidence for firms in Bulgaria," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 75-95.
    8. Uchenna R. Efobi & Belmondo V. Tanankem & Simplice A. Asongu & Ibukun Beecroft, 2016. "Exploring Multidimensional Financial Inclusion and Manufacturing Firms Performance in a Developing Country: The Case of Nigeria," Research Africa Network Working Papers 16/043, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    9. Erhardt, Eva, 2017. "Microfinance beyond self-employment: Evidence for firms in Bulgaria," MPRA Paper 79294, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. repec:esx:essedp:729 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Breinlich, Holger & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2014. "Regional Growth and Regional Decline," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 4, pages 683-779, Elsevier.
    12. Tran, Viet T. & Nguyen, Trung Thanh & Tran, Nguyet T.M., 2019. "Gender difference in access to local finance and firm performance: Evidence from a panel survey in Vietnam," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 150-164.
    13. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Wang, Chih-Wei & Ho, Shan-Ju, 2020. "Financial inclusion, financial innovation, and firms’ sales growth," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 189-205.
    14. Zhang, Dongyang & Guo, Yumei, 2019. "Financing R&D in Chinese private firms: Business associations or political connection?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 247-261.
    15. Holger Görg & Erasmus Kersting, 2017. "Vertical integration and supplier finance," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 50(1), pages 273-305, February.
    16. Bas, M. & Paunov, C., 2014. "The unequal effect of India's industrial liberalization on firms' decision to innovate: Do business conditions matter?," MERIT Working Papers 2014-044, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    17. Amin,Mohammad & Soh,Yew Chong, 2020. "Does Corruption Hurt Employment Growth of Financially Constrained Firms More ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9286, The World Bank.
    18. Zhao Chen & Sandra Poncet & Ruixiang Xiong, 2016. "Local Financial Development and constraints on private firms' exports: EvACidence from City Commercial Banks in China," Working Papers 2016-27, CEPII research center.
    19. Igor Bagayev & Boris Najman, 2014. "Money to fill the gap? Local financial development and energy intensity in Europe and Central Asia," Erudite Working Paper 2014-02, Erudite.
    20. Léon, Florian, 2020. "The provision of long-term credit and firm growth in developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 66-78.
    21. Florian Leon, 2019. "The provision of long-term credit and firm growth," DEM Discussion Paper Series 19-08, Department of Economics at the University of Luxembourg.
    22. Bagayev, Igor & Najman, Boris, 2014. "Money to fill the gap? Local financial development and energy intensity in Europe and Central Asia," MPRA Paper 55193, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Jennifer Watson, 2020. "The Provision of Long-Term Credit and Firm Growth in Developing Countries," Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 7(2), pages 224-234.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    manufacturing; credit constraint; firm size;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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