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The Effect of Emigration from Poland on Polish Wages

Author

Listed:
  • Christian Dustmann

    (University College London and CReAM)

  • Tommaso Frattini

    (Università degli Studi di Milano, CReAM, LdA and IZA)

  • Anna Rosso

    (University College London and CReAM)

Abstract

This paper analyses the effect of emigration from Poland around the time of EU accession on the Polish labour market. We develop a simple model that guides our empirical specification and provides a clear interpretation for our estimates. Focussing on the 1998–2007 period for Poland, we use a unique data set that contains information about household members who are currently living abroad, which allows us to develop region-specific emigration rates and estimate emigration’s effect on wages using within-region variation. Our results show that emigration from Poland was largest for workers with intermediate-level skills and that it is wages for this skill group that increased most. We also show that emigration led to a slight increase in wages overall but that workers at the low end of the skill distribution made no gains and may actually have experienced slight wage decreases.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini & Anna Rosso, 2012. "The Effect of Emigration from Poland on Polish Wages," RF Berlin - CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1229, Rockwool Foundation Berlin (RF Berlin) - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM).
  • Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:1229
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Emigration; Wages; Impact.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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