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International Migration in the Long Run: Positive Selection, Negative Selection, and Policy

In: Labor Mobility and the World Economy

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  • Timothy J. Hatton
  • Jeffrey G. Williamson

Abstract

Most labor-scarce overseas countries moved decisively to restriet their immigration during the first third of the 20th century . This autarchic retreat from unrestricted immigration in the first global century before World War I to the quotas and other restrictions introduced afterwards was the result of a combination of factors, one of which was public hostility toward new immigrants with lower education and labor market skills. The paper documents the secular drift from very positive to much more negative immigrant selection which took place in the first global century after 1820 and in the second era of globalization after 1950, and seeks explanations for it. It then explores the political economy of immigrant restriction.

Suggested Citation

  • Timothy J. Hatton & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2006. "International Migration in the Long Run: Positive Selection, Negative Selection, and Policy," Springer Books, in: Rolf J. Langhammer & Federico Foders (ed.), Labor Mobility and the World Economy, pages 1-31, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:sprchp:978-3-540-31045-7_1
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-31045-7_1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wegge, Simone A., 2002. "Occupational self-selection of European emigrants: Evidence from nineteenth-century Hesse-Cassel," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(3), pages 365-394, December.
    2. Heather Antecol & Deborah A. Cobb-Clark & Stephen J. Trejo, 2003. "Immigration Policy and the Skills of Immigrants to Australia, Canada, and the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 38(1).
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    4. Anna Maria Mayda, 2006. "Who Is Against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes toward Immigrants," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(3), pages 510-530, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labor Market; European Union; Host Country; International Migration; Immigration Policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics

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