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Immigration and Product Diversity

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  • Francesca Mazzolari
  • David Neumark

Abstract

We study the effects of immigration on the diversity of consumption choices. Data from California in the 1990s indicate that immigration is associated with fewer stand-alone retail stores, and a greater number of large and in particular big-box retailers - evidence that likely contradicts a diversity-enhancing effect of immigration. In contrast, focusing on the restaurant sector for which we can better identify the types of products consumed by customers, we find that immigration is associated with increased ethnic diversity of restaurants. This latter effect appears to come in part from the comparative advantage of immigrants in the production of ethnic goods.

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  • Francesca Mazzolari & David Neumark, 2009. "Immigration and Product Diversity," NBER Working Papers 14900, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14900
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    Cited by:

    1. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, 2017. "Decomposing the impact of immigration on house prices," Working Papers 2017/14, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    2. Ozgen, Ceren & Nijkamp, Peter & Poot, Jacques, 2011. "The Impact of Cultural Diversity on Innovation: Evidence from Dutch Firm-Level Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6000, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Julian Giovanni & Andrei A. Levchenko & Francesc Ortega, 2015. "A Global View Of Cross-Border Migration," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 168-202, February.
    4. Gray, Rowena & Montresor, Giulia & Wright, Greg C., 2020. "Processing immigration shocks: Firm responses on the innovation margin," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    5. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William R. Kerr, 2016. "Immigrant Entrepreneurship," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges, pages 187-249, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Lewis, Ethan & Peri, Giovanni, 2015. "Immigration and the Economy of Cities and Regions," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: Gilles Duranton & J. V. Henderson & William C. Strange (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 0, pages 625-685, Elsevier.
    7. Giuntella, Osea, 2018. "Has the growth in “fast casual” Mexican restaurants impacted weight gain?," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 115-124.
    8. Ortega, Javier & Verdugo, Gregory, 2016. "Moving Up or Down? Immigration and the Selection of Natives across Occupations and Locations," IZA Discussion Papers 10303, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Ortega, J. & Verdugo, G., 2015. "The Impact of Immigration on the Local Labor Market Outcomes of Blue Collar Workers: Panel Data Evidence," Working Papers 15/07, Department of Economics, City University London.
    10. Jessie Bakens & Raymond Florax & Henri (H.L.F.) de Groot & Peter Mulder, 2018. "Living Apart Together: The Economic Value of Ethnic Diversity in Cities," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 18-029/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    11. Gianandrea Lanzara & G. Alfredo Minerva, 2019. "Tourism, amenities, and welfare in an urban setting," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(3), pages 452-479, June.
    12. Ivan Etzo & Carla Massidda & Paolo Mattana & Romano Piras, 2017. "The impact of immigration on output and its components: a sectoral analysis for Italy at regional level," Economia Politica: Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, Springer;Fondazione Edison, vol. 34(3), pages 533-564, December.
    13. Daria Burnes & David Neumark & Michelle J. White, 2014. "Fiscal Zoning and Sales Taxes: Do Higher Sales Taxes Lead to More Retailing and Less Manufacturing?," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 67(1), pages 7-50, March.
    14. Dieter Pennerstorfer & Nora Schindler & Christoph Weiss & Biliana Yontcheva, 2020. "Income Inequality and Product Variety: Empirical Evidence," Economics working papers 2020-17, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
    15. Ken-Hou Lin & Inbar Weiss, 2019. "Immigration and the Wage Distribution in the United States," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 56(6), pages 2229-2252, December.
    16. S. Longhi & P. Nijkamp & J. Poot, 2010. "Joint impacts of immigration on wages and employment: review and meta-analysis," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 355-387, December.
    17. NAKAGAWA Mariko & SATO Yasuhiro & TABUCHI Takatoshi & YAMAMOTO Kazuhiro, 2020. "Do People Accept Different Cultures?," Discussion papers 20090, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    18. Selim Çagatay & Murat Genç & Onur Koska, 2013. "The Impact of Immigration on International Trade in Europe: The Case of the EU-Mediterranean-Eastern Europe Zone," ERSA conference papers ersa13p376, European Regional Science Association.
    19. Nathan, Max, 2013. "The Wider Economic Impacts of High-Skilled Migrants: A Survey of the Literature," IZA Discussion Papers 7653, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    JEL classification:

    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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