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The Rise of the Dollar and Fall of the Euro as International Currencies

Author

Listed:
  • Maggiori, Matteo
  • Neiman, Brent
  • Schreger, Jesse

Abstract

The modern notion of an international currency involves use in areas of international finance and trade that extend well beyond central banks' coffers. In addition to their important roles as foreign exchange reserves, international currencies are most frequently used to denominate corporate and government bonds, bank loans, and import and export invoices. These currencies offer unrivaled liquidity, constituting large shares of the volume on global foreign exchange markets, and are commonly chosen as the anchors targeted by countries with pegged or managed exchange rate regimes. In this short article, we provide evidence suggesting a recent rise in the use of the dollar, and fall of the use in the euro, with similar patterns manifesting across all these aspects of international currency use.

Suggested Citation

  • Maggiori, Matteo & Neiman, Brent & Schreger, Jesse, 2018. "The Rise of the Dollar and Fall of the Euro as International Currencies," CEPR Discussion Papers 13410, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13410
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Matteo Maggiori & Brent Neiman & Jesse Schreger, 2020. "International Currencies and Capital Allocation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 128(6), pages 2019-2066.
    2. Gita Gopinath & Emine Boz & Camila Casas & Federico J. Díez & Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Mikkel Plagborg-Møller, 2020. "Dominant Currency Paradigm," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 110(3), pages 677-719, March.
    3. Goldberg, Linda S. & Tille, Cédric, 2008. "Vehicle currency use in international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 177-192, December.
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    7. Matteo Maggiori, 2017. "Financial Intermediation, International Risk Sharing, and Reserve Currencies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(10), pages 3038-3071, October.
    8. Ryan Chahrour & Rosen Valchev, 2017. "International Medium of Exchange: Privilege and Duty," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 934, Boston College Department of Economics.
    9. Ethan Ilzetzki & Carmen M Reinhart & Kenneth S Rogoff, 2019. "Exchange Arrangements Entering the Twenty-First Century: Which Anchor will Hold?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 134(2), pages 599-646.
    10. Ricardo J. Caballero & Emmanuel Farhi & Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas, 2008. "An Equilibrium Model of "Global Imbalances" and Low Interest Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(1), pages 358-393, March.
    11. Ito, Hiro & Kawai, Masahiro, 2016. "Trade invoicing in major currencies in the 1970s–1990s: Lessons for renminbi internationalization," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 123-145.
    12. Eren, Egemen & Malamud, Semyon, 2018. "Dominant Currency Debt," CEPR Discussion Papers 13391, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ilzetzki, Ethan & Reinhart, Carmen M. & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2020. "Why is the Euro Punching Below its Weight," CEPR Discussion Papers 14315, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Coman, Andra & Lloyd, Simon P., 2019. "In the face of spillovers: prudential policies in emerging economies," Working Paper Series 2339, European Central Bank.
    3. Barry Eichengreen, 2019. "Two Views of the International Monetary System," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 54(4), pages 233-236, July.
    4. Antonio Coppola & Matteo Maggiori & Brent Neiman & Jesse Schreger, 2020. "Redrawing the Map of Global Capital Flows: The Role of Cross-Border Financing and Tax Havens," NBER Working Papers 26855, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Yining Geng, 2020. "Impact of Family Planning Policy on Gender Inequality: Evidence from China," Working Papers 202009, University of Liverpool, Department of Economics.
    6. Giancarlo Corsetti & Meredith Crowley & Lu Han, 2020. "Invoicing and Pricing-to-market: Evidence on international pricing by UK exporters," Working Papers 202007, University of Liverpool, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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