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The costs of keeping cool for Australians with Multiple Sclerosis


  • George Verikios
  • Michael Summers
  • Rex Simmons
  • Zanfina Ademi


Heat intolerance is a significant medical problem affecting people with Multiple Sclerosis. For people with MS, the costs of running their air conditioners are an additional disease-related expense that must be met on top of other out-of-pocket disease-related expenses. Using the results of the 2008 Keeping Cool Survey, we estimate the relative economic disadvantage faced by MS households in trying to keeping cool. We find that MS households spend around ten times more on keeping cool than the average Australian household. Sensitivity analysis indicates that our results are robust with respect to all key parameters, across regions and nationally. Our results suggest that energy rebates for heat intolerant persons currently in place in Victoria and Western Australia should be implemented in other Australian states and territories.

Suggested Citation

  • George Verikios & Michael Summers & Rex Simmons & Zanfina Ademi, 2009. "The costs of keeping cool for Australians with Multiple Sclerosis," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-190, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:cop:wpaper:g-190

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. DeVuyst, Eric A. & Preckel, Paul V., 1997. "Sensitivity analysis revisited: A quadrature-based approach," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 175-185, April.
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    More about this item


    cooling costs; economic disadvantage; energy rebates; heat intolerance; multiple sclerosis;

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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