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Does International Trade Produce Convergence?

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  • Iader Giraldo

Abstract

In spite of increasing globalization around the world, the e¤ects of international trade on economic growth are not very clear. I consider an endogenous economic growth model in an open economy with the Home Market Effect (HME) and non-homothetic preferences in order to identify some determinants of the di¤erent results in this relationship. The model shows how trade between similar countries leads to convergence in economic growth when knowledge spillovers are present, while trade between very asymmetric countries produces divergence and may become trade in a poverty or growth trap. The results for welfare move in the same direction as economic growth since convergence implies increases in welfare for both countries, while divergence leads to increases in welfare for the largest country and the opposite for its commercial partner in the absence of knowledge spillovers. International trade does not implicate greater welfare as is usual in a static context under CES preferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Iader Giraldo, 2016. "Does International Trade Produce Convergence?," Documentos de Trabajo 15161, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:015161
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Vera Pirimova, 2021. "Structural Convergence of Bulgarian Foreign Trade and Exports to the Euro Area," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 5, pages 93-117.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Trade; Economic Growth; Home Market E¤ect; Non-homotheticPreferences.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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