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Especialização Setorial do Comércio Internacional Condiciona o Impacto da Abertura Comercial Sobre a Renda?

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  • Faleiros, João Paulo Martin
  • Alves, Denisard Cneio de Oliveira

Abstract

Este artigo avalia se o grau de especialização das exportações e importaçõesem commodities cria possível não linearidade entre aberturacomercial e renda per capita. Em outras palavras se a composição dapauta de exportação e importação pode alterar a eficiência que a aberturacomercial possui em explicar o diferencial de renda entre nações.Para isso, aplica-se o modelo de painel com transição suave para 110países, seguindo o mesmo procedimento de Frankel e Romer (1999),evitando assim problemas de endogeneidade. Os resultados empíricosindicam que a especialização das exportações em commodities pode fazercom que a abertura comercial seja menos eficaz em elevar a rendaquando comparada a países que possuem pauta de exportações comvantagens comparativas em manufaturados. Por outro lado, esta situaçãode menor eficácia associada à especialização em commodities deixade ser válida, caso a pauta de importações esteja fortemente especializadano setor de manufaturados, que inclui bens intermediários e decapital.

Suggested Citation

  • Faleiros, João Paulo Martin & Alves, Denisard Cneio de Oliveira, 2014. "Especialização Setorial do Comércio Internacional Condiciona o Impacto da Abertura Comercial Sobre a Renda?," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 68(4), October.
  • Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgrbe:v:68:y:2014:i:4:a:7237
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