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Efectos de la infraestructura sobre el fracaso escolar: evidencia empírica para Colombia


  • Hernando Bayona



Esta investigación aprovecha la variación generada por la construcción de un gran número de colegios de Bogotá, con diferentes características en su infraestructura, para estudiar el efecto de la infraestructura sobre la repetición y los canales por los que esta ópera. Esta investigación utiliza una rica fuente de datos administrativos a nivel del niño para construir un novedoso panel de datos. En este trabajo se utiliza como estrategia de identificación diferencias en diferencias. Esta investigación encontró que una mejor infraestructura reduce la tasa de repetición en 0.51 puntos porcentuales. Esto es equivalente al 8,03% de la tasa media de repetición reportado en el mismo periodo de estudio. Además, este trabajo concluye que los componentes de la infraestructura afectan diferencialmente la tasa de repetición, los componentes que tienen el mayor impacto en la reducción de la repetición son laboratorios de ciencias o química, laboratorios de computación o tecnología, laboratorio de idiomas y la emisora.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernando Bayona, 2015. "Efectos de la infraestructura sobre el fracaso escolar: evidencia empírica para Colombia," Documentos CEDE 013550, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:013550

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    1. Eric A. Hanushek & Victor Lavy & Kohtaro Hitomi, 2008. "Do Students Care about School Quality? Determinants of Dropout Behavior in Developing Countries," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(1), pages 69-105.
    2. Paul Glewwe & Hanan Jacoby, 1994. "Student Achievement and Schooling Choice in Low-Income Countries: Evidence from Ghana," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(3), pages 843-864.
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    More about this item


    Repetición; Infraestructura; variables de eficiencia interna; megacolegios.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy


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