Rural--urban differences in parental spending on children's primary education in Malawi
Using Malawian data, this paper answers two interrelated questions: are there rural--urban differences in the factors that influence the probability that a household spends or does not spend on own children's education; and are there rural--urban differences in the factors that affect educational expenditure if a household decides to spend? Computed elasticities indicate that spending on education by rural households is more sensitive to changes in income compared with urban households, suggesting that spending on education in rural areas is a luxury good. In both areas, a mother's employment and education has a larger impact on spending compared with those of a father. Urban households compared with their rural counterparts are more sensitive to the quality of access to primary schools. We find no evidence of gender bias in school spending in urban areas, but rural households exhibit bias in favour of boys.
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Volume (Year): 30 (2013)
Issue (Month): 6 (December)
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