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How the provision of childcare affects attitudes towards maternal employment

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  • Roth, Anja

Abstract

Do childcare institutions affect gender norms of individuals? I examine the introduction of childcare services and their impact on voters' support of policies promoting maternal employment. I address the inherent endogeneity between institutions and attitudes by exploiting regional variation in the regulations and provision of childcare for school children outside of regular school hours. My results show that the expansion of childcare for school children increases voters' support of policies promoting maternal employment. This indicates a direct effect of local institutions on voters' attitudes. I additionally show that as public costs of the new facilities increase, support of additional policies promoting maternal employment decreases.

Suggested Citation

  • Roth, Anja, 2019. "How the provision of childcare affects attitudes towards maternal employment," Working papers 2019/22, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
  • Handle: RePEc:bsl:wpaper:2019/22
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Childcare ; gender norms ; maternal employment ; policy evaluation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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