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Emerging Markets, Financial Openness and Financial Development

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  • Wei Huang

Abstract

We examine the effect of financial openness on the development of financial systems in a panel of 35 emerging markets during the period of 1976 to 2003. A group of indicators including variables from banking sector, stock market, and national capital accounts are used as measures of financial openness and financial development. In addition, aggregate index measures are developed to incorporate information from different areas of the financial system. Our empirical results generally suggest that financial openness is the key determinant of cross-country differences in the development of financial systems. When testing financial openness against the development of the banking sector and stock market separately, we found strong and robust evidence that this link between openness and development exists in stock markets. Although a similar link is sometimes found with banking sectors, it is not robust to different indicators of financial openness and model specifications.

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  • Wei Huang, 2006. "Emerging Markets, Financial Openness and Financial Development," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 06/588, School of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  • Handle: RePEc:bri:uobdis:06/588
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    2. Esin Cakan, 2018. "Impact of Financial and Trade Openness on Financial Development in Emerging Market Economies: The Case of Turkey," American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, Science Publications, vol. 9(4), pages 71-80, March.
    3. Ba, Lika & Gasmi, Farid, 2011. "To what extent do infrastructure and financial sectors reforms interplay? Evidence from panel data on the power sector in developing countries," IDEI Working Papers 692, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
    4. Jean-Pierre Allegret & Sana Azzabi, 2014. "Intégration financière internationale et croissance économique dans les pays émergents et en développement : le canal du développement financier," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 22(3), pages 27-68.
    5. Edgar Demetrio Tovar García, 2012. "Financial globalization and financial development in Latin America," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, August.
    6. Chengsi Zhang & Yueteng Zhu, 2020. "The interest group theory of financial development in China: Openness and the role of interest groups," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(4), pages 982-999, April.
    7. Muhsin KAR & Saban NAZLIOGLU & Huseyin AGIR, 2014. "Trade Openness, Financial Development, and Economic Growth in Turkey: Linear and Nonlinear Causality Analysis," Journal of BRSA Banking and Financial Markets, Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency, vol. 8(1), pages 63-86.
    8. Zeynep Ozkok, 2016. "Financial Harmonization and Financial Development: An Application of Europe’s Financial Services Action Plan," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot GmbH, Berlin, vol. 62(1), pages 1-35.
    9. Ba, Lika & Gasmi, Farid, 2011. "To what extent do infrastructure and financial sectors reforms interplay? Evidence from panel data on the power sector in developing countries," TSE Working Papers 11-264, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    10. Jawad Ahmad & Sania Zehraa & Noor Jehan, 2018. "Can Openness Hypothesis Improve Political Economy of Pakistans Financial Market?," Global Political Review, Humanity Only, vol. 3(1), pages 56-65, June.
    11. Zeynep Ozkok, 2015. "Financial openness and financial development: an analysis using indices," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(5), pages 620-649, September.
    12. Aidi WAFA & Mohamed AYADI, 2010. "What Effect Exerts Sequencing of International Liberalization on Regional Financial Stability?," EcoMod2010 259600169, EcoMod.
    13. Edgar Demetrio Tovar García., 2012. "Financial Globalization and Financial Development in Transition Countries," Economía: teoría y práctica, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, México, vol. 36(1), pages 155-178, Enero-Jun.
    14. Siong Hook Law, 2008. "Does a Country's Openness to Trade and Capital Accounts Lead to Financial Development? Evidence from Malaysia," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 161-177, June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    emerging markets; financial openness; financial development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F37 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Finance Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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