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Political Institutions and Government Spending Behavior: Theory and Evidence from Iran

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  • S. F. Dizaji
  • M. R. Farzanegan
  • A. Naghavi

Abstract

This study examines how quality of political institutions affects the distribution of government budget in Iran. We first introduce a mechanism through which this can shift government expenditure from patronage to more constructive public spending. Using impulse response functions (IRF) and variance decomposition analysis (VDC) on the basis of Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model, our results imply that a positive shock towards more democratic institutions leads to negative and statistically significant response of military spending and positive and statistically significant response of education expenditures. Our results are robust to different political institutional quality indicators, ordering of variables in the VAR and different specifications of government spending categories.

Suggested Citation

  • S. F. Dizaji & M. R. Farzanegan & A. Naghavi, 2015. "Political Institutions and Government Spending Behavior: Theory and Evidence from Iran," Working Papers wp986, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  • Handle: RePEc:bol:bodewp:wp986
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    Cited by:

    1. Kjetil Bjorvatn & Mohammad Reza Farzanegan, 2015. "Natural-Resource Rents and Political Stability in the Middle East and North Africa," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(3), pages 33-37, October.
    2. Hongyun Han & Shuang Lin, 2019. "Government Size and Regional Capital Flows in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-1, November.
    3. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Witthuhn, Stefan, 2017. "Corruption and political stability: Does the youth bulge matter?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 47-70.
    4. Mohammad Reza Farzanegan & Mohammad Mohammadikhabbazan & Hossein Sadeghi, 2015. "Effect of Oil Sanctions on the Macroeconomic and Household Welfare in Iran: New Evidence from a CGE Model," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201507, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    5. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Markwardt, Gunther, 2018. "Development and pollution in the Middle East and North Africa: Democracy matters," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 350-374.
    6. Narcis BRANDUSESCU, 2018. "The Analysys Of Romanian Government Investment Expenditure In 2008 – 2017 Interval," Scientific Bulletin - Economic Sciences, University of Pitesti, vol. 17(3), pages 119-124.
    7. Sajjad Faraji Dizaji & Neda Al-Sadat Ousia, 2017. "The Effects of Economic, Financial and Political Developments on Iran’s CO2 Emissions," Iranian Economic Review (IER), Faculty of Economics,University of Tehran.Tehran,Iran, vol. 21(4), pages 925-940, Autumn.
    8. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Hassan, Mai & Badreldin, Ahmed Mohamed, 2020. "Economic liberalization in Egypt: A way to reduce the shadow economy?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 307-327.
    9. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Habibpour, Mohammad Mahdi, 2017. "Resource rents distribution, income inequality and poverty in Iran," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 35-42.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth

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