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Attitudes, Policies and Work

  • Francesco Giavazzi

    (IGIER, Bocconi University)

  • Fabio Schiantarelli


    (Boston College

  • Michel Serafinelli

    (University of California, Berkeley)

We study whether cultural attitudes towards gender, the young, and leisure are significant determinants of the employment rates of women and of the young, and of hours worked. We do this controlling for policies, institutions and other structural characteristics of the economy which may ináuence labor market outcomes. We identify a country-specific effect of culture exploiting the evolution over time within country as well as across countries, of cultural attitudes. We also address the endogeneity of attitudes, policies and institutions, and allow for the persistent nature of labor market outcomes. We find that culture matters for women employment rates and for hours worked. However, policies, in particular employment protection legislation and taxes, are also important and their quantitative impact substantial.

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Paper provided by Boston College Department of Economics in its series Boston College Working Papers in Economics with number 714.

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Date of creation: 30 Sep 2009
Date of revision: 13 Feb 2012
Publication status: forthcoming, Journal of the European Economic Association
Handle: RePEc:boc:bocoec:714
Note: previously circulated as "Culture, Policies and Labor Market Outcomes"
Contact details of provider: Postal: Boston College, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill MA 02467 USA
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