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Brain drain, remittances, and fertility

  • Marchiori, Luca

    (Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University)

  • Pieretti, Patrice

    (Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University)

  • Zou, Benteng

    (Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University)

This paper analyzes the effects of skilled migration and remittances on fertility decisions at origin. We develop an overlapping generations model which accounts for endogenous fertility and education. Parents choose the number of children they want to raise and decide upon how many children obtain higher education. Only high skilled individuals migrate with a certain probability and remit to their parents. We find that an increase in the probability to emigrate leads both high and low skilled parents to send more children to obtain higher education. However the effect on the number of children is ambiguous. In a further analysis, we calibrate the model to match different characteristics of a developing economy. When the destination country relaxes the immigration restrictions, more high skilled individuals leave the origin country. The result is that, at origin, increased high skilled emigration reduces fertility and fosters human capital accumulation.

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File URL: https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/download/2316249/2319855
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Paper provided by Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University in its series Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers with number 408.

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Date of creation: 15 Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:bie:wpaper:408
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