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Macroeconomic effects of an open-ended Asset Purchase Programme

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  • Lorenzo Burlon

    ()

  • Alessandro Notarpietro

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Massimiliano Pisani

    () (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

In this paper we evaluate the effectiveness of an open-ended Asset Purchase Programme (APP) for the euro area. To this purpose, we build on the large-scale New Keynesian dynamic general equilibrium model calibrated to the euro area and the rest of the world developed in Burlon et al. (2017), but, different from that contribution, we assume that the central bank does not announce the ending date of the programme, while leaving open the possibility of extending it in future periods conditionally on inflation developments. We assume that agents form their expectations about possible additional purchases beyond the horizon of the announcement by the central bank according to a rule linking them to the expected inflation gap. It is showed that the open-ended APP is more effective in immediately stimulating macroeconomic conditions than committing ex ante to an ending date. Importantly, the open-ended dimension provides a hedge against the materialization of negative euro-area aggregate demand shocks that pushes inflation away from its path towards the target. The effectiveness is further reinforced by a forward guidance on monetary policy rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Lorenzo Burlon & Alessandro Notarpietro & Massimiliano Pisani, 2018. "Macroeconomic effects of an open-ended Asset Purchase Programme," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1185, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_1185_18
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    Cited by:

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    2. Hess Chung & Etienne Gagnon & Taisuke Nakata & Matthias Paustian & Bernd Schlusche & James Trevino & Diego Vilan & Wei Zheng, 2019. "Monetary Policy Options at the Effective Lower Bound : Assessing the Federal Reserve's Current Policy Toolkit," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2019-003, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Concetta Rondinelli & Roberta Zizza, 2020. "Spend today or spend tomorrow? The role of inflation expectations in consumer behaviour," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1276, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. Hess Chung & Etienne Gagnon & Taisuke Nakata & Matthias Paustian & Bernd Schlusche & James Trevino & Diego Vilán & Wei Zheng, 2020. "Monetary Policy Options at the Effective Lower Bound: Assessing the Federal Reserve’s Current Policy Toolkit," CARF F-Series CARF-F-483, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    central bank communication; open-ended announcement; non-standard monetary policy; DSGE models; open-economy macroeconomics; euro area;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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