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Price Rigidity in Brazil: Evidence from CPI Micro Data

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  • Solange Gouvea

Abstract

In this paper, I investigate the patterns of price adjustments in Brazil. I derive the main stylized facts describing the behavior of price setters directly from a large data set of the CPI price quotes spanning approximately ten years until 2006. I find that on average prices remain unchanged for 2.7 to 3.8 months, exhibiting, however, a large degree of product and sector heterogeneity. Data on the frequency and sign of price changes show that there is a strong symmetry between price increase and decrease. Conversely, as expected under a positive inflation environment, the magnitude of positive price changes compensates this effect. I also provide some insights on the determinants of the patterns of price adjustment. The average duration of price spells decreased when the economy was hit by a confidence shock before 2002 presidential elections. The inflation rate of 5.9 % in 2000, jumped to 7.7% in 2001 and hiked to 12.6 % in 2002. Results suggest that substantial disturbances to average inflation imposed a high enough cost of not adjusting prices and triggered more frequent price reviews.

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  • Solange Gouvea, 2007. "Price Rigidity in Brazil: Evidence from CPI Micro Data," Working Papers Series 143, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcb:wpaper:143
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    Cited by:

    1. M. Utku Özmen & Orhun Sevinç, 2016. "Price Rigidity in Turkey: Evidence from Micro Data," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(4), pages 1029-1045, April.
    2. Anand, Rahul & Prasad, Eswar S. & Zhang, Boyang, 2015. "What measure of inflation should a developing country central bank target?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 102-116.
    3. Guimaraes, Bernardo & Mazini, Andre & Prince, Diogo de, 2016. "Time-dependent or State-dependent Pricing? Evidence from Firms' Response to Inflation Shocks," Brazilian Review of Econometrics, Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE, vol. 36(1), March.
    4. Creamer, Kenneth & Rankin, Neil A., 2008. "Price setting in South Africa 2001-2007 - stylised facts using consumer price micro data," MPRA Paper 16905, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Ahmad, Yamin S. & Staveley-O’Carroll, Olena M., 2017. "Exploring international differences in inflation dynamics," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 115-135.
    6. Mamello Amelia Nchake & Lawrence Edwards & Neil Rankin, 2015. "Price-Setting Behaviour in Lesotho: Stylised Facts from Consumer Retail Prices," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 83(2), pages 199-219, June.
    7. Hemmaty , Maryam & Bayat , Saeed, 2013. "Price Setting in Iran: Some Stylized Facts from CPI Micro Data," Journal of Money and Economy, Monetary and Banking Research Institute, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, vol. 8(1), pages 75-108, January.
    8. Prince, Diogo de, 2018. "Are price hazard functions really decreasing functions in Brazil?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 266-276.
    9. repec:fgv:eesptd:382 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. León Fernández Bujanda, 2013. "Flexibilidad de precios en una economía con inflación: el caso de Venezuela," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research, in: Laura Inés D'Amato & Enrique López Enciso & María Teresa Ramírez Giraldo (ed.), Dinámica inflacionaria, persistencia y formación de precios y salarios, edition 1, chapter 10, pages 241-271, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    11. Yılmaz, Engin & Süslü, Bora, 2018. "The Determinants of Price Frequency in Turkey," MPRA Paper 86350, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Felipe Morandé Lavín & Mauricio Tejada, 2008. "Price Stickiness in Emerging Economies: Empirical Evidence for Four Latin-American Countries," Working Papers wp286, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    13. Ginn, William & Pourroy, Marc, 2020. "Should a central bank react to food inflation? Evidence from an estimated model for Chile," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 221-234.
    14. Apaitan, Tosapol & Disyatat, Piti & Manopimoke, Pym, 2020. "Thai inflation dynamics: A view from disaggregated price data," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 117-134.
    15. Buffie, Edward F. & Airaudo, M. & Zanna, Felipe, 2018. "Inflation targeting and exchange rate management in less developed countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 159-184.

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