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Price Rigidity in Brazil: Evidence from CPI Micro Data

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  • Solange Gouvea

Abstract

In this paper, I investigate the patterns of price adjustments in Brazil. I derive the main stylized facts describing the behavior of price setters directly from a large data set of the CPI price quotes spanning approximately ten years until 2006. I find that on average prices remain unchanged for 2.7 to 3.8 months, exhibiting, however, a large degree of product and sector heterogeneity. Data on the frequency and sign of price changes show that there is a strong symmetry between price increase and decrease. Conversely, as expected under a positive inflation environment, the magnitude of positive price changes compensates this effect. I also provide some insights on the determinants of the patterns of price adjustment. The average duration of price spells decreased when the economy was hit by a confidence shock before 2002 presidential elections. The inflation rate of 5.9 % in 2000, jumped to 7.7% in 2001 and hiked to 12.6 % in 2002. Results suggest that substantial disturbances to average inflation imposed a high enough cost of not adjusting prices and triggered more frequent price reviews.

Suggested Citation

  • Solange Gouvea, 2007. "Price Rigidity in Brazil: Evidence from CPI Micro Data," Working Papers Series 143, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcb:wpaper:143
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    File URL: http://www.bcb.gov.br/pec/wps/ingl/wps143.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Guimaraes, Bernardo & Mazini, Andre & Prince, Diogo de, 2016. "Time-dependent or State-dependent Pricing? Evidence from Firms' Response to Inflation Shocks," Brazilian Review of Econometrics, Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE, vol. 36(1), March.
    2. Anand, Rahul & Prasad, Eswar S. & Zhang, Boyang, 2015. "What measure of inflation should a developing country central bank target?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 102-116.
    3. M. Utku Ozmen & Orhun Sevinc, 2011. "Price Rigidity In Turkey : Evidence From Micro Data," Working Papers 1125, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    4. repec:fgv:eesptd:382 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:cml:incocp:2sp-10 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Ahmad, Yamin S. & Staveley-O’Carroll, Olena M., 2017. "Exploring international differences in inflation dynamics," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 115-135.
    7. Mamello Amelia Nchake & Lawrence Edwards & Neil Rankin, 2015. "Price-Setting Behaviour in Lesotho: Stylised Facts from Consumer Retail Prices," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 83(2), pages 199-219, June.
    8. repec:eee:jimfin:v:81:y:2018:i:c:p:159-184 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Felipe Morandé Lavín & Mauricio Tejada, 2008. "Price Stickiness in Emerging Economies: Empirical Evidence for Four Latin-American Countries," Working Papers wp286, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    10. Creamer, Kenneth & Rankin, Neil A., 2008. "Price setting in South Africa 2001-2007 - stylised facts using consumer price micro data," MPRA Paper 16905, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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