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The Impact of Financial Education for Youth in Ghana

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  • Karlan, Dean S.
  • Berry, James
  • Pradhan, Menno

Abstract

We evaluate, using a randomized trial, two school-based financial literacy education programs in government-run primary and junior high schools in Ghana. One program integrated financial and social education, whereas the second program only offered financial education. Both programs included a voluntary after-school savings club that provided students with a locked money box. After nine months, both programs had significant impacts on savings behavior relative to the control group, mostly because children moved savings from home to school. We observed few other impacts. We do find that financial education, when not accompanied by social education, led children to work more compared to the control group, whereas no such effect is found for the integrated curriculum; however, the difference between the two treatment effects on child labor is not statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Karlan, Dean S. & Berry, James & Pradhan, Menno, 2015. "The Impact of Financial Education for Youth in Ghana," Center Discussion Papers 201692, Yale University, Economic Growth Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:yaleeg:201692
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.201692
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    Cited by:

    1. Grohmann, Antonia & Klühs, Theres & Menkhoff, Lukas, 2018. "Does financial literacy improve financial inclusion? Cross country evidence," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 84-96.
    2. Tim Kaiser & Lukas Menkhoff, 2017. "Does Financial Education Impact Financial Literacy and Financial Behavior, and If So, When?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(3), pages 611-630.
    3. Federico A. Bugni & Ivan A. Canay & Azeem M. Shaikh, 2015. "Inference under covariate-adaptive randomization," CeMMAP working papers CWP45/15, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Theodos, Brett & Stacy, Christina Plerhoples & Daniels, Rebecca, 2018. "Client led coaching: A random assignment evaluation of the impacts of financial coaching programs," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 155(C), pages 140-158.
    5. Oliver Himmler & Robert Jäckle & Philipp Weinschenk, 2019. "Soft Commitments, Reminders, and Academic Performance," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 114-142, April.
    6. Kwee Kim Peong, 2019. "Determinants of Personal Financial Literacy among Young Adults in Malaysian Accounting Firms," GATR Journals gjbssr524, Global Academy of Training and Research (GATR) Enterprise.
    7. Entorf, Horst & Hou, Jia, 2018. "Financial education for the disadvantaged? A review," SAFE Working Paper Series 205, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    8. Melanie Lührmann & Marta Serra-Garcia & Joachim Winter, 2018. "The Impact of Financial Education on Adolescents' Intertemporal Choices," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 10(3), pages 309-332, August.
    9. Federico A. Bugni & Ivan A. Canay & Azeem M. Shaikh, 2019. "Inference under covariate‐adaptive randomization with multiple treatments," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 10(4), pages 1747-1785, November.
    10. Kaiser, Tim & Menkhoff, Lukas, 2018. "Active Learning Improves Financial Education:," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 131, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
    11. Sholevar, Maryam & Harris, Laurence, 2019. "Mind the gap: A discussion paper on Financial Literacy, Financial behaviour and Financial Education : Is there any Gender Gap?," OSF Preprints b7zd6, Center for Open Science.
    12. Melanie Lührmann & Marta Serra-Garcia & Joachim Winter, 2014. "The Impact of Financial Education on Adolescents' Intertemporal Choices," CESifo Working Paper Series 4925, CESifo Group Munich.
    13. Rodríguez, Catherine & Saavedra, Juan E., 2019. "The persistent effects of youth savings reminders: Experimental evidence from text-message campaigns in Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 135-156.
    14. Elenita Velikova & Svetla Tzvetkova, 2018. "Options for Overcoming Seasonality in Bulgarian Tourism," European Journal of Economics and Business Studies Articles, European Center for Science Education and Research, vol. 4, EJES May-.
    15. Cordero, José Manuel & Gil, María & Pedraja Chaparro, Francisco, 2016. "Exploring the effect of financial literacy courses on student achievement: a cross-country approach using PISA 2012 data," MPRA Paper 75474, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Kaat Iterbeke & Kristof De Witte & Koen Declercq & Wouter Schelfhout, 2019. "The Effect of Ability Matching and Differentiated Instruction in Financial Literacy Education. Evidence from Two Randomised Control Trials," CESifo Working Paper Series 7997, CESifo Group Munich.
    17. Fuzhong Chen & Jingxin Lu & Jiaying Li & Wenting Wang & Horlane Bissielou, 2020. "Sustainable Financial Education and Consumer Life Satisfaction," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-21, February.
    18. Steinert, Janina I. & Zenker, Juliane & Filipiak, Ute & Movsisyan, Ani & Cluver, Lucie D. & Shenderovich, Yulia, 2018. "Do saving promotion interventions increase household savings, consumption, and investments in Sub-Saharan Africa? A systematic review and meta-analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 238-256.
    19. Blimpo, Moussa P. & Pugatch, Todd, 2019. "Entrepreneurship education and teacher training in Rwanda," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(C), pages 186-202.
    20. Shephard, Daniel D. & Kaneza, Yves V. & Moclair, Paul, 2017. "What curriculum? Which methods? A cluster randomized controlled trial of social and financial education in Rwanda," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 310-320.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics; International Development;

    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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