Economic socialization, saving and assets in European young adults
We analyze the role economic socialization plays in the economic behavior and asset accumulation of young adults by parents using data from European young adults and teenagers. We study the role of four distinct strands of economic socialization (providing pocket money, jobs at home, work for others, and parental encouragement) using a Dutch sample of young adults (age 18–32, n=392). Results show positive links between parental encouragement and ability to control spending, saving preferences, future orientation, conscientiousness, and saving. A sample of teenagers (age 14–15, n=548) and their parents (256 mothers, 227 fathers) is drawn for a Norwegian study of economic socialization. Analyses reveal a small difference in the socialization of adolescents from poorer and less educated backgrounds: they are less likely to receive pocket money and to have part-time work but are more likely to have piggy banks and savings accounts at a younger age. Variations in the economic socialization by parents highlight the importance of financial education in schools.
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