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Profile of Hired Farmworkers, A 2008 Update


  • Kandel, William


Hired farmworkers make up a third of the total agricultural labor force and are critical to U.S. agricultural production, particularly in labor-intensive sectors such as fruits and vegetables. The hired farmworker labor market is unique because it includes a large population of relatively disadvantaged and often unauthorized workers, a portion of whom migrate to, and within, the United States. Recent economic and demographic trends, such as changing agricultural production methods that permit year-round employment, expanding immigrant populations in nonmetropolitan counties, and growing concerns over U.S. immigration policies, have elicited increased interest in hired farmworkers. This 2008 profile serves as an update to the 2000 Economic Research Service analysis of the 1998 Current Population Survey using current data with expanded sections on legal status, poverty, housing, and use of social services.

Suggested Citation

  • Kandel, William, 2008. "Profile of Hired Farmworkers, A 2008 Update," Economic Research Report 56461, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:56461

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    1. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2003:93:10:1630-1633_5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2004:94:10:1756-1761_1 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. J. Edward Taylor, 1992. "Earnings and Mobility of Legal and Illegal Immigrant Workers in Agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 74(4), pages 889-896.
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    Cited by:

    1. Maloney, Thomas R. & Bills, Nelson L., 2011. "Survey of New York Fruit and Vegetable Farm Employers 2009," Research Bulletins 121570, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    2. Wallace E. Huffman, 2010. "The Status of Labor-Saving Mechanization in Fruits and Vegetables," Staff General Research Papers Archive 31630, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Anita Alves Pena, 2013. "Poverty measurement for a binational population," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 10(2), pages 254-269, May.
    4. Maloney, Thomas R. & Bills, Nelson L., 2011. "Survey of New York Dairy Farm Employers 2009," Research Bulletins 121569, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    5. Huffman, Wallace, 2008. "Rising Food and Energy Prices: Projections for Labor Markets 2008-18 and Beyond," Staff General Research Papers Archive 13000, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    6. Qenani, Eivis & MacDougall, Neal & Roy, Soma, 2016. "Vigorous Physical Activity and Obesity? – The Paradox of California Farmworker Population," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 235530, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.


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