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Household resilience to food insecurity: evidence from Tanzania and Uganda

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  • d'Errico, Marco
  • Pietrelli, Rebecca
  • Romano, Donato

Abstract

Resilience has become one of the keywords in the recent scholarly and policy debates on food security. However, household resilience to food insecurity is unobservable. Therefore, the two key issues in empirical research are (i) estimating a proxy index of household resilience on the basis of observable variables and (ii) assessing whether this index is a good indicator of the construct it intends to measure, i.e. household resilience. This paper contributes to this literature providing evidence based on two case studies: Tanzania and Uganda. Specifically, the paper: (i) proposes a method to estimate a resilience index and analyses what are the most important components of household resilience, (ii) tests whether the household resilience index is a good predictor of future food security status and food security recovery capacity after a shock, and (iii) explores how idiosyncratic and covariate shocks affects resilience and household food security. The analysis shows that: (i) in both countries adaptive capacity is the most important dimension contributing to household resilience, (ii) the resilience index positively influences future household food security status, decreases the probability of suffering a food security loss should a shock occur and speeds up the recovery after the loss occurrence, and (iii) shocks do not seem to have any statistically significant impact, though this likely reflects the poor quality of data on idiosyncratic and systemic shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • d'Errico, Marco & Pietrelli, Rebecca & Romano, Donato, 2016. "Household resilience to food insecurity: evidence from Tanzania and Uganda," 2016 Fifth AIEAA Congress, June 16-17, 2016, Bologna, Italy 242328, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aiea16:242328
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.242328
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    Cited by:

    1. Isaac Gershon Kodwo Ansah & Cornelis Gardebroek & Rico Ihle, 2019. "Resilience and household food security: a review of concepts, methodological approaches and empirical evidence," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 11(6), pages 1187-1203, December.
    2. Mohamed Zied Dhraief & Boubaker Dhehibi & Hamed Daly Hassen & Meriem Zlaoui & Chaima Khatoui & Sondes Jemni & Ouessama Jebali & Mourad Rekik, 2019. "Livelihoods Strategies and Household Resilience to Food Insecurity: A Case Study from Rural Tunisia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-17, February.
    3. Christophe Béné, 0. "Resilience of local food systems and links to food security – A review of some important concepts in the context of COVID-19 and other shocks," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 0, pages 1-18.
    4. Christophe Béné, 2020. "Resilience of local food systems and links to food security – A review of some important concepts in the context of COVID-19 and other shocks," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(4), pages 805-822, August.
    5. Chichaibelu, Bezawit Beyene & Garbero, Alessandra, 2018. "Estimating resilience outcomes in an impact assessment framework with high-frequency data," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 274460, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    6. Monserrath Ximena Lascano Galarza, 2020. "Resilience to Food Insecurity: Theory and Empirical Evidence from International Food Assistance in Malawi," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 71(3), pages 936-961, September.
    7. Elena Grimaccia & Alessia Naccarato, 2020. "Confirmatory factor analysis to validate a new measure of food insecurity: perceived and actual constructs," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 54(4), pages 1211-1232, August.
    8. Murendo, Conrad & Kairezi, Grace & Mazvimavi, Kizito, 2020. "Resilience capacities and household nutrition in the presence of shocks. Evidence from Malawi," World Development Perspectives, Elsevier, vol. 20(C).
    9. George AGWU, 2020. "The Boko Haram conflict and food insecurity: does resilience capacity matter?," Working Papers 2019-2020_4, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Jul 2020.
    10. Brück, Tilman & d'Errico, Marco, 2019. "Food security and violent conflict: Introduction to the special issue," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 167-171.
    11. George Agwu, 2020. "The Boko Haram conflict and food insecurity: Does resilience capacity matter?," Working Papers hal-02902311, HAL.
    12. Knippenberg, Erwin & Jensen, Nathaniel & Constas, Mark, 2019. "Quantifying household resilience with high frequency data: Temporal dynamics and methodological options," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 1-15.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food Security and Poverty;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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