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Flexible-fuel automobiles and CO2 emissions in Brazil: a semiparametric analysis using panel data

Author

Listed:
  • Almeida, Alexandre N.
  • Santos, Augusto S.
  • Halmenschlager, Vinícius
  • Gilio, Leandro
  • Diniz, Tiago B.
  • Ferreira, Alexandre A. S.

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the fleet of flex-fuels vehicles and CO2 emissions in Brazil. We analyzed the robustness of parametric and semiparametric analyses using a panel data set at the state level from 1998 to 2013. In both analyses, we find that there is a strong negative correlation between CO2 emissions and flex-fuels vehicles. Moreover, our results also suggest that there are: 1) there is evidence of an Environment Kuznets Curve for flex-fuel vehicles; 2) a negative relationship between sugar cane cropped area (due to carbon sequestration) and CO2 emissions and; 3) a positive relationship between livestock and CO2 emissions.

Suggested Citation

  • Almeida, Alexandre N. & Santos, Augusto S. & Halmenschlager, Vinícius & Gilio, Leandro & Diniz, Tiago B. & Ferreira, Alexandre A. S., 2016. "Flexible-fuel automobiles and CO2 emissions in Brazil: a semiparametric analysis using panel data," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 235733, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea16:235733
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/235733
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    flex-fuels vehicles; CO2 emissions; semiparametric models; Brazil; Environmental Economics and Policy; C14; O13; Q53;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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