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International Pork Trade and Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Author

Listed:
  • Yang, Shang-Ho
  • Reed, Michael R.
  • Saghaian, Sayed H.

Abstract

International pork trade has not only been influenced by trade agreements but also altered by consumer perceptions on disease-infected animals. This study uses a gravity model with fixed-effects to investigate how pork trade is affected by foot-and-mouth disease among 186 countries. Results confirm that pork export falls when an exporting country develops FMD. Exporters with a vaccination policy have larger negative impacts than those with a slaughter policy. Further, pork importers that develop FMD and institute a slaughter policy will import more pork, but importers with a vaccination policy import the same level of pork. In order to retain a position as a top pork exporter, a slaughter policy is often a better choice than a vaccination policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Yang, Shang-Ho & Reed, Michael R. & Saghaian, Sayed H., 2012. "International Pork Trade and Foot-and-Mouth Disease," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124356, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea12:124356
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124356
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mike Webb & John Gibson & Anna Strutt, 2017. "The Importance of Biosecurity: How Diseases Can Affect International Beef Trade," Working Papers in Economics 17/13, University of Waikato.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    foot-and-mouth disease; pork exports; regional trade agreement; gravity model; zero-valued trade.; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C52; Q17; Q18;

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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