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Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Fast-Growing Economies: Evidence from the BRICS and MINT Countries

Author

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  • Simplice A. Asongu

    (Yaoundé/Cameroon)

  • Uduak S. Akpan

    (Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria)

  • Salisu R. Isihak

    (Rural Electrification Agency, Nigeria)

Abstract

This study employs panel analysis to examine the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) to Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) and Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Turkey (MINT) using data for eleven years i.e. 2001 – 2011. First, it uses pooled time-series cross sectional analysis to estimate the model on determinants of FDI for three samples: BRICS only, MINT only, and BRICS and MINT combined; then, fixed effects model is also employed to estimate the model for BRICS and MINT combined. The results show that market size, infrastructure availability, and trade openness play the most significant roles in attracting FDI to BRICS and MINT while the roles of availability of natural resources and institutional quality are insignificant. Given that FDI inflow to a country has the potential of being mutually beneficial to the investing entity and host government, the challenge is on how BRICS and MINT can sustain the level of FDI inflow and ensure it results in economic growth and socio-economic transformation. To sustain the level of FDI inflow, governments of BRICS and MINT need to ensure that their countries remain attractive for investment. BRICS and MINT also need to ensure that their economies absorb substantial skills and technology spillovers from FDI inflow to promote sustainable long-term economic growth by investing more in their human capital. The study is significant because it contributes to literature on determinants of FDI by extending the scope of previous studies which often focus only on BRICS.

Suggested Citation

  • Simplice A. Asongu & Uduak S. Akpan & Salisu R. Isihak, 2018. "Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Fast-Growing Economies: Evidence from the BRICS and MINT Countries," AFEA Working Papers 18/032, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA).
  • Handle: RePEc:afe:wpaper:18/032
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph Nnanna & Vanessa S. Tchamyou, 2020. "Finance, Institutions and Private Investment in Africa," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 20/080, African Governance and Development Institute..
    2. Alfalih, Abdullah Abdulmohsen & Bel Hadj, Tarek, 2020. "Foreign direct investment determinants in an oil abundant host country: Short and long-run approach for Saudi Arabia," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
    3. Jelena Zvezdanoviæ Lobanova & Mikhail Lobanov & Milan, 2021. "Governance and civil and political rights as FDI determinants in transition countries," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics and Business, vol. 39(1), pages 59-86.
    4. Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur, 2021. "The dynamic nexus of energy consumption, international trade and economic growth in BRICS and ASEAN countries: A panel causality test," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 229(C).
    5. Chien, Fengsheng & Anwar, Ahsan & Hsu, Ching-Chi & Sharif, Arshian & Razzaq, Asif & Sinha, Avik, 2021. "The role of information and communication technology in encountering environmental degradation: Proposing an SDG framework for the BRICS countries," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    6. Tolulope T. Osinubi & Simplice A. Asongu, 2020. "Globalization and Female Economic Participation in MINT and BRICS countries," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 20/058, African Governance and Development Institute..
    7. Chia-Nan Wang & Anh Phuong Le, 2019. "Application of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Model and GM (1,1) Theory for Evaluating Efficiency of FDI on Economic Growth: A Case Study in Developing Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(8), pages 1-29, April.
    8. Hassan Ajmal & Amna Khalid, 2021. "Causality Ardl Analysis Of Economic Expansion Foreign Direct Investment And Exports: A Case Study Of The Countries (Mint)," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 10(2), pages 67-75, June.
    9. Zhang, Huanhuan & Kou, Gang & Peng, Yi, 2019. "Soft consensus cost models for group decision making and economic interpretations," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 277(3), pages 964-980.
    10. Hidekatsu Asada, 2021. "Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows to Myanmar," Bulletin of Applied Economics, Risk Market Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 19-28.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; determinants; fast-growing economies; BRICS; MINT;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O50 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - General

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