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How Does Country Risk Matter for Foreign Direct Investment?

Author

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  • Kazunobu Hayakawa
  • Fukunari Kimura
  • Hyun-Hoon Lee

Abstract

In this paper, we aim to identify the political and financial risk components that matter mostfor the activities of multinational corporations. Our paper is the first paper tocomprehensively examine the impact of various components of not only political risk but alsofinancial risk on inward FDI, from both long-run and short-run perspectives. Using a sampleof 93 countries (including 60 developing countries) for the period 1985-2007, we find thatamong the political risk components, government stability, socioeconomic conditions,investment profile, internal conflict, external conflict, corruption, religious tensions,democratic accountability, and ethnic tensions have a close association with FDI flows. Inparticular, socioeconomic conditions, investment profile, and external conflict appear to bethe most influential components of political risk in attracting foreign investment. Among thefinancial risk components, only exchange rate stability yields statistically significant positivecoefficients when estimated only for developing countries. In contrast, current account as apercentage of exports of goods and services, foreign debt as a percentage of GDP, netinternational liquidity as the number of months of import cover, and current account as apercentage of GDP yield negative coefficients in some specifications. Thus, multinationals donot seem to consider seriously the financial risk of the host country.
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Suggested Citation

  • Kazunobu Hayakawa & Fukunari Kimura & Hyun-Hoon Lee, 2013. "How Does Country Risk Matter for Foreign Direct Investment?," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 51(1), pages 60-78, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:deveco:v:51:y:2013:i:1:p:60-78
    DOI: 10.1111/deve.2013.51.issue-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fathi Ali & Norbert Fiess & Ronald MacDonald, 2010. "Do Institutions Matter for Foreign Direct Investment?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 201-219, April.
    2. Asiedu, Elizabeth, 2002. "On the Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment to Developing Countries: Is Africa Different?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 107-119, January.
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    7. Noorbakhsh, Farhad & Paloni, Alberto & Youssef, Ali, 2001. "Human Capital and FDI Inflows to Developing Countries: New Empirical Evidence," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(9), pages 1593-1610, September.
    8. Bruce Blonigen, 2005. "A Review of the Empirical Literature on FDI Determinants," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 33(4), pages 383-403, December.
    9. Gastanaga, Victor M. & Nugent, Jeffrey B. & Pashamova, Bistra, 1998. "Host Country Reforms and FDI Inflows: How Much Difference do they Make?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 1299-1314, July.
    10. Ivar Kolstad & Espen Villanger, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment in the Caribbean," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 26(1), pages 79-89, January.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice Asongu & Uduak S. Akpan & Salisu R. Isihak, 2018. "Determinants of foreign direct investment in fast-growing economies: evidence from the BRICS and MINT countries," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 4(1), pages 1-17, December.
    2. Akpan, Uduak & Isihak, Salisu & Asongu, Simplice, 2014. "Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Fast-Growing Economies: A Study of BRICS and MINT," MPRA Paper 56810, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:pdc:jrnbeh:v:14:y:2018:i:4:p:777-788 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Zeinab Asqari, 2014. "Investors Legitimate Expectations and the Interests of the Host State in Foreign Investment," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(12), pages 1906-1918, December.
    5. Guych NURYYEV & Charles HICKSON, 2015. "Corruption Centralization, Investments, and Growth: Analysis of 62 countries for 1995-2007," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 15(1), pages 17-30.
    6. Lee, Hyun-Hoon & Park, Donghyun & Wang, Jing, 2013. "Different types of firms, different types of products, and their dynamics: An anatomy of China's imports," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 62-77.
    7. Liu, Chang & Sun, Xiaolei & Chen, Jianming & Li, Jianping, 2016. "Statistical properties of country risk ratings under oil price volatility: Evidence from selected oil-exporting countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 234-245.
    8. Lindner, Thomas & Muellner, Jakob & Puck, Jonas, 2016. "Cost of Capital in an International Context: Institutional Distance, Quality, and Dynamics," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 234-248.
    9. Kechagia, Polyxeni & Metaxas, Theodore, 2017. "FDI and Terrorism in the developing Asian countries: A panel data analysis," MPRA Paper 80945, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Metaxas, Theodore & Kechagia, Polyxeni, 2017. "FDI and Terrorism in developing Asia: Approaches and Discussion," MPRA Paper 78165, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:12:p:4632-:d:188376 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:eee:finlet:v:25:y:2018:i:c:p:111-123 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:jed:journl:v:42:y:2017:i:2:p:17-37 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:eee:poleco:v:54:y:2018:i:c:p:198-225 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

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