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Evolución histórica de los rendimientos educativos en México: 1987-2009

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5

Author

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  • Edna Maria Villarreal Peralta

    () (Univesidad Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

En este trabajo analizamos el impacto del nivel educativo sobre el ingreso salarial en México para el período 1987-2009. Para ello, calculamos la evolución de los rendimientos educativos empleando datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Urbano ENEU y de la Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo (ENOE). Primeramente estimamos una función de ingresos minceriana tradicional y obtenemos un rendimiento promedio del 9.7% para el periodo de estudio. Posteriormente utilizamos variables dummies correspondientes a los distintos niveles educativos, y encontramos que éstos aumentan a medida que se incrementan los años de escolaridad. Por lo que los individuos con estudios de maestría y doctorado obtienen los mayores rendimientos. Un hecho que resulta importante enfatizar es que una vez realizadas ambas estimaciones, hemos obtenido que independientemente del año de estudio, las mujeres obtienen los mayores rendimientos. La evidencia recogida en éstos 22 años de estudio parece indicar un descenso en los rendimientos educativos, sobre todo en los periodos de crisis económicas. El aporte principal del presente trabajo es la cuantificación por primera vez de una serie homogénea de rendimientos educativos en México para el periodo de 1987-2009.

Suggested Citation

  • Edna Maria Villarreal Peralta, 2010. "Evolución histórica de los rendimientos educativos en México: 1987-2009," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5,in: María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Gregorio Gim (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 11, pages 223-244 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
  • Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed05:05-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marco Manacorda & Carolina Sanchez-Paramo & Norbert Schady, 2010. "Changes in Returns to Education in Latin America: The Role of Demand and Supply of Skills," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 63(2), pages 307-326, January.
    2. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 2004. "Returns to investment in education: a further update," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 111-134.
    3. Psacharopoulos, George, 1994. "Returns to investment in education: A global update," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(9), pages 1325-1343, September.
    4. Harmon, Colm & Walker, Ian, 1995. "Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling for the United Kingdom," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1278-1286, December.
    5. repec:fth:prinin:317 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. David Card, 1993. "Using Geographic Variation in College Proximity to Estimate the Return to Schooling," NBER Working Papers 4483, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Donna K. Ginther, 2000. "Alternative Estimates of the Effect of Schooling on Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 103-116, February.
    8. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    rendimientos; educación; salarios; capital humano.;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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