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Increasing Our Understanding Of The Health‐Income Gradient In Children

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  • Jason Fletcher
  • Barbara Wolfe

Abstract

There have been numerous attempts to both document the income‐health gradient in children and to understand the nature of the tie. In this paper, we review and summarize existing studies, and then use a unique school‐based panel data set from the USA to attempt to further our understanding of the relationship. The long duration (5 observations, 9 years) allows us to add to the understanding of the pattern of the tie, through our ability to test for changes in health status and multiple measures of income, and the school‐based nature of the data allow us to add community socioeconomic status to the model. Increasing understanding of the income‐health gradient has clear policy implications in terms of effective targeting of interventions to decrease the gradient and hence decrease health disparities among children. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Jason Fletcher & Barbara Wolfe, 2014. "Increasing Our Understanding Of The Health‐Income Gradient In Children," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(4), pages 473-486, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:23:y:2014:i:4:p:473-486
    DOI: 10.1002/hec.2969
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    Cited by:

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    2. Cattan, Sarah & Kamhöfer, Daniel A. & Karlsson, Martin & Nilsson, Therese, 2017. "The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Student Absence: Evidence from Sweden," IZA Discussion Papers 10995, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Swaminathan, Harini & Sharma, Anurag & Shah, Narendra G., 2019. "Does the relationship between income and child health differ across income groups? Evidence from India," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 57-73.
    4. Thomas Leoni, 2015. "Soziale Unterschiede in Gesundheit und Inanspruchnahme der Gesundheitsversorgung," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 88(8), pages 649-662, August.
    5. Kajal Lahiri & Liu Yang, 0. "Estimating Endogenous Ordered Response Panel Data Models with an Application to Income Gradient in Child Health," Sankhya B: The Indian Journal of Statistics, Springer;Indian Statistical Institute, vol. 0, pages 1-37.
    6. George Wehby & Robert Kaestner & Wei Lyu & Dhaval M. Dave, 2020. "Effects of the Minimum Wage on Child Health," NBER Working Papers 26691, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. N. N., 2015. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, Heft 8/2015," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 88(8), August.
    8. Fletcher, Jason M. & Wolfe, Barbara, 2016. "The importance of family income in the formation and evolution of non-cognitive skills in childhood," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 143-154.
    9. Yong‐Sook Eo & Ji‐Soo Kim, 2020. "Family socioeconomic status, parental attention, and health behaviors in middle childhood: A cross‐sectional study," Nursing & Health Sciences, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 22(2), pages 220-225, June.
    10. Otto Lenhart, 2019. "The effects of income on health: new evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 377-410, June.
    11. Gabriella Berloffa & Sara Giunti, 2017. "Remittances and healthcare consumption: human capital investment or responses to shocks? Evidence from Peru," DEM Working Papers 2017/12, Department of Economics and Management.
    12. Kajal Lahiri & Liu Yang, 2021. "Estimating Endogenous Ordered Response Panel Data Models with an Application to Income Gradient in Child Health," Sankhya B: The Indian Journal of Statistics, Springer;Indian Statistical Institute, vol. 83(2), pages 207-243, November.
    13. Sepehri, Ardeshir & Guliani, Harminder, 2015. "Socioeconomic status and children's health: Evidence from a low-income country," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 23-31.

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    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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