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Canadian cities as regional engines of growth: agglomeration and amenities

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  • Mark Partridge
  • M. Rose Olfert
  • Alessandro Alasia

Abstract

. Canadian regional population growth is less understood than that of the United States. In both countries, certain regions have persistent population growth. Yet, unlike U.S. trends of amenity‐driven migration away from historic urban centres, Canadian growth is more urban centric. This study assesses whether agglomeration economies in the few major Canadian metropolitan areas lead to population growth in or near these cities rather than the more‐dispersed U.S. patterns. The results suggest that disparities such as the concentration of Canadians along its southern border may explain migration patterns, indicating that key differences in initial conditions may produce different outcomes between the two countries. Contrairement à ce qui est le cas aux Etats‐Unis, la croissance de la population régionale n’est pas un phénomène bien compris au Canada. Dans les deux pays, certaines régions ont une croissance persistante de la population. Mais contrairement à ce qui se passe aux Etats‐Unis, où les tendances de la migration sont de quitter les centres urbains traditionnels à la recherche d’autres commodités, au Canada la croissance est centrée sur les villes. Cette étude essaie de déterminer si ce sont les économies d’agglomération dans les quelques grandes zones métropolitaines canadiennes qui tendent à entraîner une croissance de la population dans et près de ces villes plutôt que d’engendrer un pattern de plus grande dispersion comme c’est le cas aux Etats‐Unis. Les résultats suggèrent que certaines disparités comme la concentration des Canadiens le long de la frontière américaine peuvent expliquer les patterns de migration. Des différences dans les conditions de départ pourraient aussi expliquer des patterns différents entre les deux pays.

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  • Mark Partridge & M. Rose Olfert & Alessandro Alasia, 2007. "Canadian cities as regional engines of growth: agglomeration and amenities," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 40(1), pages 39-68, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:canjec:v:40:y:2007:i:1:p:39-68
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.00399.x
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    6. Saima Kalwar & Noman Sahito & Irfan Ahmed Memon & Jinsoo Hwang & Muhammad Yousif Mangi & Zulfiqar Ali Lashari, 2019. "National Planning Strategies for Agro-based Industrial Development in Secondary Cities of Sindh Province, Pakistan," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(24), pages 1-16, December.
    7. Fazley Siddiq & Shira Babins, 2013. "Trends in Population Growth Inequality across Subnational Jurisdictions in Canada 1," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 39(s1), pages 41-64, May.
    8. Diao, Xinshen & Magalhaes, Eduardo & Silver, Jed, 2019. "Cities and rural transformation: A spatial analysis of rural livelihoods in Ghana," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 141-157.
    9. Berdegué, J. & Jara, B. & Modrego, F., 2012. "Ciudades, territorios y crecimiento inclusivo en Chile," Working papers 103, Rimisp Latin American Center for Rural Development.
    10. Mavenga, Fortunate & Olfert, M. Rose, 2012. "The Role of Credit Unions in Rural Communities in Canada," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 40(1), pages 1-29.
    11. JunJie Wu & Munisamy Gopinath, 2008. "What Causes Spatial Variations in Economic Development in the United States?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 90(2), pages 392-408.
    12. W. Mark Brown & Darren M. Scott, 2012. "Human Capital Location Choice: Accounting For Amenities And Thick Labor Markets," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(5), pages 787-808, December.
    13. Ray D. Bollman & Shon M. Ferguson, 2019. "The Local Impacts of Agricultural Subsidies: Evidence from the Canadian Prairies," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(2), pages 507-528, June.
    14. Berdegué, Julio A. & Carriazo, Fernando & Jara, Benjamín & Modrego, Félix & Soloaga, Isidro, 2015. "Cities, Territories, and Inclusive Growth: Unraveling Urban–Rural Linkages in Chile, Colombia, and Mexico," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 56-71.
    15. Evert Meijers & Martijn Burger & Martijn J. Burger & Evert J. Meijers, 2016. "Agglomerations and the rise of urban network externalities," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(1), pages 5-15, March.
    16. Jiejing Wang, 2020. "Urban government capacity and economic performance: An analysis of Chinese cities," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 52(5), pages 981-1004, August.
    17. Kamar Ali & M. Rose Olfert & Mark Partridge, 2011. "Urban Footprints in Rural Canada: Employment Spillovers by City Size," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(2), pages 239-260.
    18. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman, 2008. "Distance From Urban Agglomeration Economies And Rural Poverty," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(2), pages 285-310, May.
    19. Joanna P. Ganning & Kathy Baylis & Bumsoo Lee, 2013. "Spread And Backwash Effects For Nonmetropolitan Communities In The U.S," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(3), pages 464-480, August.
    20. Emery N. Castle & JunJie Wu & Bruce A. Weber, 2011. "Place Orientation and Rural–Urban Interdependence," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 179-204.
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    22. Joshua Drucker, 2012. "The Spatial Extent of Agglomeration Economies: Evidence from Three U.S. Manufacturing Industries," Working Papers 12-01, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    23. Anping Chen & Mark D. Partridge, 2013. "When are Cities Engines of Growth in China? Spread and Backwash Effects across the Urban Hierarchy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(8), pages 1313-1331, September.
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    JEL classification:

    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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