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Better together: Active and passive labor market policies in developed and developing economies

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  • Pignatti Clemente

    (International Labour Organization, Route des Morillons 4, 1211Genève)

  • Van Belle Eva

    (Swiss Forum for Migration and Population Studies (SFM), Université de Neuchâtel, 2000Neuchâtel, Switzerland)

Abstract

We investigate the macroeconomic impact of public expenditure in active labor market policies (ALMPs) and passive labor market policies (PLMPs) on main employment indicators (i.e., unemployment, employment, and labor force participation) for a large and novel panel database of 121 countries (36 developed, 64 emerging and 21 developing economies). Compared to previous studies, we include for the first time evidence from developing and emerging economies and explicitly examine the possible presence of complementarities between active and passive policies. We find that the interaction between interventions is crucial, as the effect of spending in either of the two policies is more favorable the more is spent on the other. Even the detrimental labor market effects of passive policies disappear on the condition that sufficient amounts are spent on active interventions. This complementarity seems even more important for emerging and developing economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Pignatti Clemente & Van Belle Eva, 2021. "Better together: Active and passive labor market policies in developed and developing economies," IZA Journal of Development and Migration, Sciendo & Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 12(1), pages 1-27, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:izajdm:v:12:y:2021:i:1:p:27:n:9
    DOI: 10.2478/izajodm-2021-0009
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    2. Sergio Destefanis & Matteo Fragetta & Nazzareno Ruggiero, 2020. "Active and passive labour-market policies: the outlook from the Beveridge curve," Working Papers 3_239, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Statistiche, Università degli Studi di Salerno, revised Jun 2020.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    developing countries; evaluation; labor economics; public policy; welfare state;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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