Youth-Adult Differences in the Demand for Unionization: Are American, British, and Canadian Workers All That Different?
We examine demand for union membership amongst young and adult workers in Britain, Canada, and the United States. Using a model of representation advanced by Farber (1983, 2001) and Riddell (1993), we find that a majority of the union density differential between young and adult workers in all three countries is due to supply-side constraints rather than a lower desire for unionization by the young. This finding lends credence to two conjectures: first, tastes for collective representation do not differ substantially among workers (either by nationality or by age) and second, union representation can be fruitfully modeled as an experience-good. The experience-good properties of union membership explain the persistence of union density differentials (in this case between youth and adults) in the face of equal levels of desired representation.
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Volume (Year): 26 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Riddell, W.C., 1993.
"Unionization in Canada and the United States: A Tale of Two Countries,"
1993-1, Queen's at Kingston - Sch. of Indus. Relat. Papers in Industrial Relations.
- W. Craig Riddell, 1993. "Unionization in Canada and the United States: A Tale of Two Countries," NBER Chapters, in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 109-148 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Rafael Gomez & Seymour Martin Lipset & Noah Meltz, 2001.
"Frustrated demand for unionisation: the case of the United States and Canada revisited,"
LSE Research Online Documents on Economics
20126, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
- Rafael Gomez & Seymour Martin Lipset & Noah Meltz, 2001. "Frustrated Demand for Unionisation: the Case of the United States and Canada Revisited," CEP Discussion Papers dp0492, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
- Towers, Brian, 1997. "The Representation Gap: Change and Reform in the British and American Workplace," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198289463, December.
- Farber, Henry S, 1982. "The Determination of the Union Status of Workers," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 227, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
- Henry S. Farber, 1982. "The Determination of the Union Status of Workers," NBER Working Papers 1006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Porter, Michael E, 1974. "Consumer Behavior, Retailer Power and Market Performance in Consumer Goods Industries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 56(4), pages 419-436, November.
- Rafael Gomez & Morley Gunderson & Noah Meltz, 2001.
"From Playstations to Workstations: Youth Preferences for Unionisation in Canada,"
CEP Discussion Papers
dp0512, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
- Rafael Gomez & Morley Gunderson & Noah Meltz, 2001. "From 'playstations' to 'workstations': youth preferences for unionisation in Canada," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20100, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
- H. S. Farber, 1982. "The Determination of the Union Status of Workers," Working papers 299, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- repec:pri:indrel:dsp01dn39x155s is not listed on IDEAS
- Stigler, George J & Becker, Gary S, 1977. "De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 76-90, March.
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