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Organizational and Spatial Determinants of the Multi-unit Firm: Evidence from French Industry


  • Danielle Galliano
  • Nicolas Soulié


Galliano D. and Soulié N. Organizational and spatial determinants of the multi-unit firm: evidence from French industry, Regional Studies . This article aims to analyse the factors (internal characteristics, spatial and industrial environments) that determine the existence of multi-unit firms and the intensity of their organizational fragmentation at a national scale. The empirical models are based on individual data on all French industrial firms collected by the French National Institute of Statistics. The results show the importance of internal characteristics (scale economies, specific assets as research and development and advertising, skill level, etc.) in organizational choice. They also highlight the major role played by multi-location and by the spatial profile of the firms on the intensity of their fragmentation. Galliano D. and Soulié N. 多部门公司的组织与空间决定要素:来自法国产业的相关证据,区域研究。本文旨在 分析影响、决定多部门公司存在及其在国家尺度上组织分化强度的相关要素(内部特 征、空间以及产业环境)。经验模型的数据来自法国国家统计机构所收集整理的所有 法国产业公司的个体数据。结果表明了内部特征在组织选择中的重要性(尺度经济, 作为研究、发展以及宣传的特定的设置,机能等级等等)。结果同样强调了多区位以 及公司空间状况在影响组织分化强度中所起到的重要作用。 多部门公司 公司空间组织 法国产业 Galliano D. et Soulié N. Les déterminants organisationnels et spatiaux de la firme multi-établissements: une étude des firmes industrielles françaises, Regional Studies . Cet article a pour objectif d'analyser les facteurs (caractéristiques internes, environnements spatial et industriel) qui déterminent l'existence des firmes multi-établissements et l'intensité de leur fragmentation organisationnelle à l'échelle nationale. Les modélisations empiriques sont basées sur l'exploitation de données individuelles fournies par l'Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE). Les résultats montrent l'importance des caractéristiques internes (économies d'échelle, actifs incorporels tels la R&D ou la publicité, qualification des salariés, etc.) dans les choix organisationnels. Ils soulignent également le rôle majeur joué par la multi-localisation et le profil spatial des firmes sur l'intensité de leur fragmentation. Firme multi-établissements Organisation spatiale de la firme Industrie française Galliano D. und Soulié N. Organisationelle und räumliche Determinanten von Firmen mit mehreren Einheiten: Belege aus der französischen Industrie, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag werden die Faktoren (interne Merkmale, räumliche und industrielle Umgebungen) untersucht, die die Existenz von Firmen mit mehreren Einheiten und die Intensität ihrer organisationellen Fragmentierung auf nationaler Ebene bestimmen. Die empirischen Modelle basieren auf den individuellen Daten sämtlicher französischer Industriefirmen, die vom nationalen französischen Statistikinstitut erfasst wurden. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Bedeutung von internen Merkmalen (Kostendegression, spezifisches Kapital wie Forschung und Entwicklung sowie Werbung, Qualifikationen usw.) in der organisationellen Auswahl. Ebenso wird die wichtige Rolle von mehreren Standorten und des räumlichen Profils der Firmen für die Intensität ihrer Fragmentierung deutlich. Firmen mit mehreren Einheiten Räumliche Organisation der Firma Französische Industrie Galliano D. y Soulié N. Determinantes organizativos y espaciales de empresas con varias unidades: evidencia de la industria francesa, Regional Studies . El objetivo de este artículo es analizar los factores (características internas, entornos espaciales e industriales) que determinan la existencia de empresas con diversas unidades y la intensidad de su fragmentación organizativa a escala nacional. Los modelos empíricos se basan en datos individuales de todas las empresas industriales recabados por el Instituto Nacional Francés de Estadísticas. Los resultados destacan la importancia de las características internas (las economías a escala, activos específicos como investigación y desarrollo así como publicidad, el nivel de competencias, etc.) en la opción organizativa. También ponen de relieve el papel principal desempeñado por la localización múltiple y por el perfil espacial de las empresas en lo que respecta a la intensidad de su fragmentación. Empresa con varias unidades Organización espacial de la empresa Industria francesa

Suggested Citation

  • Danielle Galliano & Nicolas Soulié, 2012. "Organizational and Spatial Determinants of the Multi-unit Firm: Evidence from French Industry," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(7), pages 907-926, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:7:p:907-926
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.534777

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carol A. Corrado & Charles R. Hulten & Daniel E. Sichel, 2006. "Intangible Capital and Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 11948, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Isabel Mota & Antonio Brandao, 2006. "The Determinants of Location Choice: Single-Plant Versus Multi-Plant Firms," ERSA conference papers ersa06p485, European Regional Science Association.
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    Cited by:

    1. Raymond Mataloni, Jr., 2011. "The Productivity Advantage and Global Scope of U.S. Multinational Firms," Working Papers 11-23, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    2. Raymond Mattaloni Jr., 2011. "The Productivity Advantage and Global Scope of U.S. Multinational Firms," BEA Working Papers 0070, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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