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Absent from Work? The Impact of Household and Work Conditions in Germany

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  • Miriam Beblo
  • Renate Ortlieb

Abstract

This contribution investigates sickness absences of German men and women from a longitudinal perspective. The article tests hypotheses on household context and paid working conditions as determinants for men' and women' absences from employment. The empirical analysis is based on selected waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) between 1985 and 2001. The results of ordered probit estimations confirm that women' and men' sickness absences were related to both working conditions and household context. The findings thus indicate the potential empirical relevance of the “double burden” for German women and men. The stereotype of higher absences of women due to family obligations does not seem to fully represent the actual behavior of German employees, at least for the 1985--2001 period. However, the relative importance of specific working conditions and the relative importance of household structure versus amount of time spent in household production differed between men and women.

Suggested Citation

  • Miriam Beblo & Renate Ortlieb, 2012. "Absent from Work? The Impact of Household and Work Conditions in Germany," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 73-97, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:18:y:2012:i:1:p:73-97
    DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2012.661065
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bridges, Sarah & Mumford, Karen, 2001. "Absenteeism in the UK: A Comparison across Genders," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 69(3), pages 276-284, June.
    2. Mastekaasa, Arne, 2000. "Parenthood, gender and sickness absence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 50(12), pages 1827-1842, June.
    3. Barmby, Tim & Stephan, Gesine, 2000. "Worker Absenteeism: Why Firm Size May Matter," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 68(5), pages 568-577, September.
    4. Allen, Steven G, 1981. "An Empirical Model of Work Attendance," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(1), pages 77-87, February.
    5. Weiss, Andrew, 1985. "Absenteeism and wages," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 277-279.
    6. Marklund, Staffan & Bolin, Malin & von Essen, Jan, 2008. "Can individual health differences be explained by workplace characteristics?--A multilevel analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 650-662, February.
    7. Coles, Melvyn G. & Treble, John G., 1996. "Calculating the price of worker reliability," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 169-188, September.
    8. Jessica Primoff Vistnes, 1997. "Gender Differences in Days Lost from Work Due to Illness," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 50(2), pages 304-323, January.
    9. Søren Jensen & James McIntosh, 2007. "Absenteeism in the workplace: results from Danish sample survey data," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 125-139, April.
    10. Emslie, Carol & Hunt, Kate & Macintyre, Sally, 1999. "Problematizing gender, work and health: the relationship between gender, occupational grade, working conditions and minor morbidity in full-time bank employees," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 33-48, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ina GANGULI & Ricardo HAUSMANN & Martina VIARENGO, 2014. "Closing the gender gap in education: What is the state of gaps in labour force participation for women, wives and mothers?," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 153(2), pages 173-207, June.
    2. Prümer, Stephanie & Schnabel, Claus, 2019. "Questioning the stereotype of the "malingering bureaucrat" absence from work in the public and private sector in Germany," Discussion Papers 108, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    3. Daniel S. J. Lechmann & Claus Schnabel, 2014. "Absence from Work of the Self-Employed: A Comparison with Paid Employees," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(3), pages 368-390, August.

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