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National and international spillovers from R&D: Comparing a neoclassical and an endogenous growth approach

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  • Henrik Braconier
  • Fredrik Sjöholm

Abstract

Two models where productivity growth is caused by spillovers from R&D are analysed using a sample of nine manufacturing industries in six large OECD-countries between 1979 and 1991. The first model is based on traditional productivity analysis where growth in R&D stocks causes productivity growth. The second model is based on the endogenous growth literature where the level of R&D expenditures is assumed to increase productivity growth. The empirical results indicate stronger support for the latter model. The pattern of spillovers is also investigated. The results suggest that spillovers from R&D exist within industries, both nationally and internationally. There is, however, little evidence of spillovers between industries. The empirical evidence further suggests that intra-industry spillovers are confined to industries that are relatively R&D-intensive. Finally, direct foreign investment seem to facilitate the diffusion of R&D results, but we do not find any effect on growth from R&D embodied in intermediate products.
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  • Henrik Braconier & Fredrik Sjöholm, 1998. "National and international spillovers from R&D: Comparing a neoclassical and an endogenous growth approach," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 134(4), pages 638-663, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:134:y:1998:i:4:p:638-663
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02773291
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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